Listed below are books received for review over the last two months. Entries include publishing information as well as a description of the book. Unless otherwise stated, the book description is taken from the publisher’s website or the book jacket. Selected titles from this list will be chosen for a full review in forthcoming issues of Criminal Law and Criminal Justice Books. Previous books received are available from the links below.
|Affect and Cognition in Criminal Decision Making, ed. by Jean-Louis van Gelder, Henk Elffers, Danielle Reynald, and Daniel Nagin. Abingdon, Oxon, UK: Routledge, 2014. 264p.
“Research and theorizing on criminal decision making has not kept pace with recent developments in other fields of human decision making. Whereas criminal decision making theory is still largely dominated by cognitive approaches such as rational choice-based models, psychologists, behavioral economists and neuroscientists have found affect (i.e., emotions, moods) and visceral factors such as sexual arousal and drug craving, to play a fundamental role in human decision processes.
This book examines alternative approaches to incorporating affect into criminal decision making and testing its influence on such decisions. In so doing it generalizes extant cognitive theories of criminal decision making by incorporating affect into the decision process. In two conceptual and ten empirical chapters it is carefully argued how affect influences criminal decisions alongside rational and cognitive considerations. The empirical studies use a wide variety of methods ranging from interviews and observations to experimental approaches and questionnaires, and treat crimes as diverse as street robbery, pilfering, and sex offences. It will be of interest to criminologists, social psychologists, judgment and decision making researchers, behavioral economists and sociologists alike.” From Publisher’s Website
|Aging in Prison: The Integration of Research and Practice, by Martha Henderson Hurley. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 2013. 196p.
“In Aging in Prison: The Integration of Research and Practice, author Martha Hurley takes an in-depth look at the complex issues associated with housing long-term and elderly prisoners. The book comes at a time when the number of prisoners aged 55 or older is growing at a faster pace than the rest of the prison population. Growth in this population was an unintended after-effect of ”Get Tough” legislation from the 1980s and 90s. Concerns stem from the fact that such harsh sentencing practices have resulted in an increasingly elderly prison population, caused correctional costs to skyrocket, produced greater legal challenges based on conditions of confinement, and triggered inconsistencies in the delivery of medical and mental health services to long-term and elderly prisoners. The book explores the costs and benefits of keeping aging inmates incarcerated during their most medically expensive yet least crime-prone years. The text concludes by examining what can be done in terms of policy options, sentencing options and programs to improve the outlook for this aging inmate population and proposes that a philosophical ‘Ethic of Care’ approach be implemented to guide both present and future practices. This book is essential reading for all students, practitioners, and advocates involved with or studying correctional practice.” From Publisher’s Website
|Behavioural Analysis of Crime: Studies in David Canter’s Investigative Psychology, ed. by Donna Youngs. Farnham, Surrey, UK; Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing Ltd., 2013. 313p.
“The intense interest in ‘offender profiling’ generated by FBI special agents, gave rise to an explosion of studies in a new area called ‘investigative psychology’ by its originator David Canter. This develops understanding of offenders’ behaviour that can be harnessed to improve investigations. In this rapidly developing area much has been learnt about what offenders reveal about themselves through their styles of offending. Beyond criminals’ actions the location of their crimes can also reveal where the offender lives or which offences can be linked as part of the same series. Investigative psychologists also explore how to interview witnesses and suspects and assess the veracity of accounts given.The variation in criminal style across crimes as diverse as arson, burglary, hostage negotiation, serial killing and sexual assault is reviewed, using narrative theory and criminals’ emotional experience when offending as the basis for explaining these variations. This provides a framework for drawing inferences about offenders’ characteristics.Studies in investigative psychology require a special methodology, developed by David Canter to allow scientific explorations in such a challenging field, previously assumed not to be open empirical study. The practical potential and applications of the research are given, as well as a selection of commentaries on the cutting edge debates that are driving the future of the investigative psychology.This new discipline is of relevance to forensic psychologists in many different settings, criminologists and law enforcement agencies, bringing together work that lays out current achievements and sets the agenda for future research in the field.” From Publisher’s Website
|Capital Punishment: New Perspectives, ed. by Peter Hodgkinson. Farnham, Surrey, UK; Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing Company, 2013. 400p.
“This collection asks questions about the received wisdom of the debate about capital punishment. Woven through book questions are asked of and remedies proposed for a raft of issues identified as having been overlooked in the traditional discourse. It provides a long overdue review of the disparate groups and strategies that lay claim to abolitionism. The authors argue that capital litigators should use their skills challenging the abuses not just of process, but of the conditions in which the condemned await their fate, namely prison conditions, education, leisure, visits, medical services, etc. In the aftermath of successful constitutional challenges it is the beneficiaries arguably those who are considered successes, having been ‘saved’ from the death penalty and now serving living death penalties of one sort or another, that are suffering the cruel and inhumane alternative. The first part of the book offers a selection of diverse, nuanced examinations of death penalty phenomena, scrutinizing complexities frequently omitted from the narrative of academics and activists. It offers a challenging and comprehensive analysis of issues critical to the abolition debate. The second part offers examinations of countries usually absent from academic analysis to provide an understanding of the status of the debate locally, with opportunities for wider application.” From Publisher’s Website
|Centralizing Forces? Comparative Perspectives on Contemporary Police Reform in Northern and Western Europe, ed. by Nicholas R. Fyfe, Jan Terpstra & Pieter Tops. The Hague, NETH: Eleven International Publishing, 2013. 184p.
“Police organizations in several Northern and Western European countries have recently witnessed fundamental reforms to their structures, as well as to their relationships with governments. Many (but not all) of these macro-level reforms can be understood as forms of centralization. New or strengthened national police organizations have been created, with new territorial arrangements for delivering police services, involving the establishment of new structures of police governance and accountability. Written by highly experienced researchers, the essays in Centralizing Forces? reveal intriguing similarities and differences in police reform in eight European countries: France, Denmark, Finland, Belgium, England/Wales, Scotland, the Netherlands, and Sweden. The chapters examine the nature and dimensions of police reform and the importance of the political, cultural, social, and economic contexts in which reform is happening. Despite some significant similarities in the reform process, the book illustrates that there are important differences in the backgrounds, nature, and consequences of police reform. Police reform is therefore strongly “context dependent,” not only in its underlying drivers and motives, but also in its cultural meaning and the resulting problems and challenges. The cumulative insights are evidence of how police reform is strongly linked to changing views about the role of the police in contemporary society, the shifting balance of power relations between key actors, and on political assumptions about the preferred relationships between the public police and national governments. Centralizing Forces? therefore provides critical insights into police reform in different national contexts and is a snapshot of a dynamic European policing landscape in which the contours of the relationships between police organizations, governments, and citizens are being redrawn.” From Publisher’s Website
|Children of the Prison Boom: Mass Incarceration and the Future of American Inequality, by Sara Wakefield and Christopher Wildeman. Oxford, UK; New York: Oxford University Press, 2014. 248p.
“An unrelenting prison boom, marked by stark racial disparities, pulled a disproportionate number of young black men into prison in the last forty years. In Children of the Prison Boom, Sara Wakefield and Christopher Wildeman draw upon broadly representative survey data and interviews to describe the devastating effects of America’s experiment in mass incarceration on a generation of vulnerable children tied to these men. In so doing, they show that the effects of mass imprisonment may be even greater on the children left behind than on the men who were locked up.
Parental imprisonment has been transformed from an event affecting only the unluckiest of children-those with parents seriously involved in crime-to one that is remarkably common, especially for black children. This book documents how, even for children at high risk of problems, paternal incarceration makes a bad situation worse, increasing mental health and behavioral problems, infant mortality, and child homelessness. Pushing against prevailing understandings of and research on the consequences of mass incarceration for inequality among adult men, these harms to children translate into large-scale increases in racial inequalities. Parental imprisonment has become a distinctively American way of perpetuating intergenerational inequality-one that should be placed alongside a decaying public education system and concentrated disadvantage in urban centers as a factor that disproportionately touches, and disadvantages, poor black children.
More troubling, even if incarceration rates were reduced dramatically in the near future, the long-term harms of our national experiment in the mass incarceration of marginalized men are yet to be fully revealed. Optimism about current reductions in the imprisonment rate and the resilience of children must therefore be set against the backdrop of the children of the prison boom-a lost generation now coming of age.” From Publisher’s Website
|Contested Police Systems: Changes in the Police Systems in Belgium, Denmark, England & Wales, Germany, and the Netherlands, ed. by Arie van Sluis, Lex Cachet, Theo Jochoms, Arthur Ringeling, and Anne Sey. The Hague, NETH: Eleven International Publishing, 2013. 236p.
“This book compares the changes that have taken place in the police systems in Belgium, Denmark, England/Wales, Germany (in particular, the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia), and the Netherlands. These countries are geographical neighbors and their police systems have undergone significant reforms in recent years. All five countries have been wrestling with finding the proper arrangements for the organization, as well as the steering and controlling, of their police in ways that fit both national and local demands, in an effort to improve police performance. The central research question is: What changes have occurred in the organization and the governance structure of these police systems in recent decades, and why?” From Publisher’s Website
|Crime & Justice: In the City as Seen Through the Wire, ed. by Peter A. Collins & David C. Brody. Durham, NC: North Carolina Press, 2013. 368p.
“Since the hit HBO show The Wire premiered on June 2, 2002, it was viewed as much more than a typical police procedural. Over its five-season run it was praised by critics for its intricate examination of crime, life in the inner city, the criminal justice system, and the functioning of public institutions and the people who work in them. However, unlike other police and crime dramas, the police in The Wire did not solve cases on a weekly basis. The hardships faced by millions of people struggling to survive in the inner city were not softened. Rather than portraying characters as good or bad, The Wire does not flinch from portraying the good and bad sides of the police, criminals, educators, judges, lawyers, elected officials, or labor unions. Indeed, it presents an unvarnished view of the complex nature of the criminal justice system and the web of institutional linkages that impact individuals and society.
The show’s willingness to take the time to address complex issues and institutions in non-simplistic ways, has led academics and scholars from myriad disciplines to make The Wire a component of their scholarship and university teaching. While this book examines the problem of urban crime and an inefficient criminal justice system from the perspective of legal and social science scholars, it presents divergent and unique examinations of these oft-studied issues.
This anthology is organized into four main sections. The first begins with a socio-legal presentation of the interconnectedness of the criminal justice system, the negative impacts of urban inequality and poverty, and highlights many institutional failures as well as the impact that systematic pressures have on individuals. The second and third sections cover topics such as police culture and practice, the War on Drugs and the repercussions of drug war policies, government and politics, and harm reduction strategies. The final section provides excellent linkages from the various scenes and themes from The Wire to criminological theory and practice.
All of the chapters in this volume are useful in linking material from the show to academic concepts. Each chapter tackles a different topical focus area and they all do an excellent job in sighting the relevant research as well as contemporary issues surrounding the chosen subject matter.” From Publisher’s Website
|Crime, Violence, Justice and Social Order: Monitoring Contemporary Security Issues, ed. by Paul Ponsaers, Adam Crawford, Jacques de Maillard, Joanna Shapland, and Antoinette Verhage. Antwerpen, BE; Portland, OR: Maklu Uitgevers, 2013. 298p.
“The Groupement Europeen de Recherches sur les Normativites [tr.: European Research Group on Law-Making]) (GERN) is a large consortium of scientific researchers in the domain of deviance and social control that studies delinquency, penal institutions, public policies of security, and the importance of penal questions in society. This book contains a selection of papers which were presented and discussed at the first GERN Summer School for PhD students, held in September 2012 at Ghent University, Belgium. The essays coalesce around four overarching themes: (1) the use and meaning of violence, (2) policing the informal economy and tackling social disorder, (3) methodological issues in research on crime, and (4) contemporary penal institutions. It is a rich compilation of new work by emerging European scholars in the field of ‘Crime, Violence, Justice, and Social Order.” From Publisher’s Website
|Criminal Investigation of Sex Trafficking in America, by Leonard Territo and Nataliya Glover. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2014. 509p.
· “Provides an international and national perspective of sex trafficking
From Publisher’s Website
|Domestic Violence and Criminal Justice, by Nicola Groves and Terry Thomas. Abingdon, Oxon, UK; New York: Routledge, 2014. 192p.
“This book aims to provide an up-to-date and comprehensive introduction to the subject of domestic violence and its interaction with the criminal justice system- including agencies such as the police, the Crown Prosecution Service, the probation service and Children’s Services, the courts and the prison service, as well as voluntary agencies such as Women’s Aid. The book also looks at how these various agencies work together at a local level and the coordinating role of the Home Office and the direction provided at a central level.
Domestic Violence and Criminal Justice examines the phenomenon of domestic violence, the various forms it takes and the theories that have been put forward to explain it. It takes an historical approach to examine policy and legislative developments over the last forty years and how those developments make themselves manifest today. The authors provide an authoritative and critical account of the different agencies and the work they carry out both independently and jointly; they also consider the limits of a crime centred response to domestic violence.
|Economic and Financial Analysis for Criminal Justice Organizations, by Daniel Adrian Doss, William H. Sumrall III, David Hughes McElreath, and Don W. Jones. Boca Raton, FL; CRC Press, 2014. 754p.
“From small law offices to federal agencies, all entities within the justice system are governed by complicated economic factors and face daily financial decision-making. A complement to Strategic Finance for Criminal Justice Organizations, this volume considers the justice system from a variety of economic and financial perspectives and introduces quantitative methods designed to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of organizations in both the non-profit and for-profit sectors.
Using only a minimum of theory, Economic and Financial Analysis for Criminal Justice Organizations demonstrates how to make decisions in the justice system using multiple financial and economic models. Designed for readers with little knowledge of advanced mathematics, quantitative analysis, or spreadsheets, the book presents examples using straightforward, step-by-step processes with Excel and Linux Calc spreadsheet software.
A variety of different types of decisions are considered, ranging from municipal bond issuance and valuation necessary for public revenues, pension planning, capital investment, determining the best use of monies toward construction projects, and other resource planning, allocation, and forecasting issues.
From municipalities and police departments to for-profit prisons and security firms, the quantitative methods presented are designed to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of all organizations in the justice domain.” From Publisher’s Website
|Examining Intelligence-LED Policing: Developments in Research, Policy and Practice, by Adrian James. London, UK; New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013. 248p.
“This book provides a critical examination of intelligence-led policing strategies, including an investigation of innovative strategies such as Problem Oriented Policing (POP), problem-solving, and community policing, and in-depth analyses of the Kent Policing Model, which became the template for ILP models across the world, and the UK’s National Intelligence Model (NIM).
Intelligence-led policing (ILP) approaches have proved particularly attractive to senior police officers and policymakers because they promise to deliver more efficient and effective solutions to the problems of crime than traditional policing practices. However, this book shows that these approaches have delivered far less than their supporters would have us to believe. In part, this has been because of what James terms as ‘police orthodoxy’. However, this cannot wholly explain the relative failure of ILP in Britain and elsewhere in the developed world.
Drawing on a range of material including extensive interviews with key NIM figures including ACPO members, senior police managers, intelligence workers, police detectives and staff, James questions to what extent British policing can truly be said to be intelligence-led, and whether there is a popular mandate for an alternative to traditional Peelian practice, where police aim simply to deliver intelligent rather than intelligence-led policing.
The book provides important insights into the debate on intelligence-led policing and the mechanics and politics of policy development. As such it will be of great value within the policing sphere and more broadly for public policy studies.” From Publisher’s Website
|Habitus and Drug Using Environments: Health, Place and Lived-Experience, by Stephan Parkin. Farnham, UK; Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing Ltd, 2013. 280p.
“Informed by the thought of Pierre Bourdieu and framed by the philosophy of harm reduction, Habitus and Drug Using Environments provides a sociological analysis of public environments affected by injecting drug use. Drawing on ethnographic research across several locations, this book offers a qualitative and phenomenological account of the social organisation of public settings used for the preparation and administration of illicit drugs, informed by interviews with both injecting drug users and those whose employment is directly affected by public injecting drug use. With attention to current policy-related questions concerning the lived experience of ‘place’ upon the health of injecting drug users, how wider social structures contribute to participation in public injecting and the manner in which participation in public injecting amplifies drug-related harm, Habitus and Drug Using Environments sheds light on the ways in which health and place interact to produce and reproduce already established hazards associated with injecting drug use. As such, it will be of interest to sociologists, geographers, criminologists and policy makers working in fields such as drug use, risk behaviours and their relation to place, and health studies” From Publisher’s Website
|Honor-Based Violence: Policing and Prevention, by Karl Anton Roberts, Gerry Campbell, and Glen Lloyd. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2014. 227p.
“Honor-based violence (HBV) is a crime committed to protect or defend the honor of a family and/or a community. It is usually triggered by the victim’s behavior, which the family and/or community regards as causing offense or dishonor. HBV has existed for thousands of years but has only very recently become a focus of law enforcement, policy makers, and statutory and non-statutory agencies. A volume in the CRC Press Advances in Police Theory and Practice Series, Honor-Based Violence: Policing and Prevention is designed to assist all those who confront these crimes in understanding what HBV is, how it can be recognized, and how we can support the victims, families, and communities that experience it.
The research and best practices are drawn largely from the work done by the Violent Crime Directorate of the Metropolitan Police Service (London, UK) managed by authors Gerry Campbell and Glen Lloyd. The accessible style of this text makes it a valuable resource for law enforcement and policing professionals who investigate these crimes and a suitable textbook for policing and criminal justice courses.” From Publisher’s Website
|Hoodlums: Black Villains and Social Bandits in American Life, by William L. Van Deburg. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2014. 298p.
“Martin Luther King Jr. Malcolm X. Muhammad Ali. When you think of African American history, you think of its heroes—individuals endowed with courage and strength who are celebrated for their bold exploits and nobility of purpose. But what of black villains? Villains, just as much as heroes, have helped define the black experience.
Ranging from black slaveholders and frontier outlaws to serial killers and gangsta rappers, Hoodlums examines the pivotal role of black villains in American society and popular culture. Here, William L. Van Deburg offers the most extensive treatment to date of the black badman and the challenges that this figure has posed for race relations in America. He first explores the evolution of this problematic racial stereotype in the literature of the early Republic—documents in which the enslavement of African Americans was justified through exegetical claims. Van Deburg then probes antebellum slave laws, minstrel shows, and the works of proslavery polemicists to consider how whites conceptualized blacks as members of an inferior and dangerous race. Turning to key works by blacks themselves, from the writings of Frederick Douglass and W. E. B. Du Bois to classic blaxploitation films like Black Caesar and The Mack, Van Deburg demonstrates how African Americans have combated such negative stereotypes and reconceptualized the idea of the badman through stories of social bandits—controversial individuals vilified by whites for their proclivity toward evil, but revered in the black community as necessarily insurgent and revolutionary.
Ultimately, Van Deburg brings his story up-to-date with discussions of prison and hip-hop culture, urban rioting, gang warfare, and black-on-black crime. What results is a work of remarkable virtuosity—a nuanced history that calls for both whites and blacks to rethink received wisdom on the nature and prevalence of black villainy.” From Publisher’s Website
|Killer Images: Documentary Film, Memory and the Performance of Violence, ed. by Joram Ten Brink and Joshua Oppenheimer. London; New York: Wallflower Press, 2012. 240p.
“Cinema has long shaped not only how mass violence is perceived but also how it is performed. Today, when media coverage is central to the execution of terror campaigns and news anchormen serve as embedded journalists, a critical understanding of how the moving image is implicated in the imaginations and actions of perpetrators and survivors of violence is all the more urgent. If the cinematic image and mass violence are among the defining features of modernity, the former is significantly implicated in the latter, and the nature of this implication is the book’s central focus.
|Living in Infamy: Felon Disfranchisement and the History of American Citizenship, by Pippa Holloway. Oxford, UK; New York: Oxford University Press, 2014. 256p.
“Living in Infamy: Felon Disfranchisement and the History of American Citizenship examines the history of disfranchisement for criminal conviction in the United States during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. In the post-war South, white southern Democrats expanded the usage of laws disfranchising for crimes of infamy in order to deny African Americans the suffrage rights due them as citizens, employing historical similarities between the legal statuses of slaves and convicts as justification. At the same time, our nation’s criminal code changed. The inhumane treatment of prisoners, the expansion of the prison system, the public nature of punishment by forced labor, and the abandonment of the idea of reform and rehabilitation of prisoners all contributed to a national consensus that certain categories of criminals should be permanently disfranchised.
As racial barriers to suffrage were challenged and fell, rights remained restricted for persons targeted by such infamy laws. Criminal convictions-in place of race-continued the disparity in legal status between whites and African Americans. Decades later, after race-based disfranchisement has officially ended, legislation steeped in a legacy of racial discrimination continues to perpetuate a dichotomy of suffrage and citizenship that is still effecting our election outcomes today.” From Publisher’s Website
|Offender Supervision in Europe, ed. by Fergus McNeill and Kristel Beyens. Basingstoke, UK; New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013. 200p.
“Offender supervision in Europe has developed rapidly in scale, distribution and intensity in recent years. However, the emergence of mass supervision in the community has largely escaped the attention of legal scholars and social scientists more concerned with the mass incarceration reflected in prison growth.
As well as representing an important analytical lacuna for penology in general and comparative criminal justice in particular, the neglect of supervision means that research has not delivered the knowledge that is urgently required to engage with political, policy and practice communities grappling with delivering justice efficiently and effectively in fiscally straitened times, and with the challenges of communicating the meaning, legitimacy and utility of supervision to an insecure public.
This book reports the findings from a survey of European research on this topic, undertaken during the first year of a European research network that spans twenty countries. As such, it provides the first comprehensive review of research on offender supervision in Europe, opening up an important new field of enquiry for comparative social science, and offering the prospects of better informed democratic deliberation about key challenges facing contemporary justice systems, policymakers and practitioners, and the societies they seek to serve.” From Publisher’s Website
|Police Culture: Adapting to the Strains of the Job, by Eugene A. Paoline III and William Terrill. Durham, NC: North Carolina Academic Press, 2013. 194p.
“A highly identifiable topic of discussion among scholars and practitioners alike is police culture. Unfortunately, a large degree of vagueness and confusion also comes with this concept, as a variety of definitions, perspectives, and levels of aggregation are used to describe the ways in which officers cope with the problems and conditions faced out on the street and inside the police department.
Police Culture: Adapting to the Strains of the Job provides clarity to such discussions by comprehensively organizing the disparate conceptualizations of police culture based on key assumptions, foundational research, primary cultural explanation, and common research methodologies. Based on in-person surveys of patrol officers from seven agencies of varying size, structure, and geographic locale, the book also provides one of the most comprehensive empirical examinations of police culture to date. The findings point to features of the occupation where there is widespread agreement among officers, as well as elements that produce cultural heterogeneity. The implications of these findings for the ”homogeneity versus heterogeneity” police culture debate are discussed. The book also uniquely traces the historical context of police culture across five primary policing eras spanning the past several hundred years.
The ”lessons from the field” section offers several helpful hints for those interested in police research (in general) and survey methodologies specifically. The book is intended for police researchers, students, and practitioners with various interests and knowledge levels.” From Publisher’s Website
|Policing and the Mentally Ill: International Perspectives, ed. by Duncan Chappell. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2013. 381p.
“In countries with democratic traditions, police interactions with the mentally ill are usually guided by legislative mandates giving police discretion and possibly resulting in referrals for assistance and treatment. But all too frequently, the outcome of these interactions is far less therapeutic and leads to a cycle of arrests and ultimately incarceration. Stemming from an initiative in Memphis, Tennessee two decades ago, police departments in many parts of the world have set up specific programs with crisis intervention teams to facilitate police contact with the mentally ill. Policing and the Mentally Ill: International Perspectives examines how these types of programs have fared in jurisdictions across the world.
The book begins with developments in North America and Europe—traditionally the locus of much of the innovation and change in policing and related areas. It demonstrates how a number of jurisdictions in Europe have only recently begun to recognize therapeutic intervention with the mentally ill as a priority issue, and still frequently suffer from a lack of significant resources. The largest section of the book focuses on Australia, where local law enforcement agencies have displayed a remarkable enthusiasm for and commitment to change in their management of interactions with citizens with mental illness. Finally, the book examines the particular challenges of providing humane and effective policing for persons with mental illnesses in parts of the developing world. These challenges often involve dealing with entrenched cultural beliefs and practices based on superstition, fear, and prejudice regarding persons thought to be mentally ill.
Interactions between police and persons with mental illnesses comprise an important and sensitive aspect of everyday policing. The 16 chapters in this book offer a wide range of cross-cultural perspectives on this essential aspect of policing, enabling police practitioners to develop a best practices approach to managing their interactions with this vulnerable segment of the community.” From Publisher’s Website
|Presumed Dangerous: Punishment, Responsibility, and Preventive Detention in American Jurisprudence, by Michael Louis Corrado. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 2013. 148p.
“When can a person be detained by the state solely for the purpose of preventing future harm? It is widely accepted that an actor who is unable to avoid breaking the law because of a mental disorder may not be punished but may be detained for as long as he remains dangerous. But what about those who are not legally insane and who may be held responsible for their behavior? Is it ever permissible to detain them to prevent future harm? Once upon a time the negative answer to this question was also widely accepted: no one who is sane and responsible for his behavior may be detained solely on the ground that he was dangerous and might commit crimes in the future. He might be punished for his behavior, but he might not be detained independently of punishment. However, over the last thirty years the answer to the question has changed. It is now possible (1) to detain before trial solely on the basis of the possibility that the accused will commit the sort of crime he is accused of (but not yet convicted of); (2) in many jurisdictions to detain indefinitely after trial, conviction, and completion of the penal sentence sex offenders and those found guilty but mentally ill (though not legally insane); and (3) to detain indefinitely without trial and conviction those suspected of being terrorists or supporting terrorist activity. This book traces the development in Supreme Court cases and in national legislation of these various grounds of preventive detention, a course of development that the author believes is contrary to what were once considered fundamental principles of American law.” From Publisher’s Website
|Preventing Corruption: Investigation, Enforcement and Governance, by Graham Brooks, David Walsh, Chris Lewis, and Hakkyong Kim. London, UK; New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013. 232p.
“Preventing Corruption explores the problems involved in the contemporary investigation, enforcement and governance of international corruption, identifying that no one country or culture has a monopoly on corruption, as it ranges across the social spectrum and different cultures.
This unique international coverage explores the level of corruption in different public and private sectors of business for individuals and organizations around the world and highlights that some individuals and organizations benefit from corruption regardless of geographical location. It also examines the limits of current anti-corruption strategies, laws and conventions and considers the involvement of western democratic states in corruption, the concept of state capture and the corrupt use of private military organizations in conflict zones around the world.
This diverse critical analysis of international corruption includes under-explored areas such as bribery, whistle blowing and the use of private bodies and will be a highly valuable tool for scholars and practitioners alike.” From Publisher’s Website
|Preventing Danger: New Paradigms in Criminal Justice, ed. by Michele Caianiello and Michael Louis Corrado. Durham, NC: North Carolina Press, 2013. 308p.
“Germany operates a ”double track” system of punishment and preventive detention. Traditionally, this system included fixed-term prison sentences, which were limited by the safeguards of legality, proportionality, double jeopardy, etc., followed by preventative detention of indefinite length, which was not limited by those safeguards. In 2010, the European Court of Human Rights determined that the preventive period had to count as punitive and, thus, should be subject to the safeguards that surround punishment. This decision affects many other European countries that share a version of the ”double track” system. While Europe is retreating under the tutelage of the ECHR on this matter, the United States has been developing its own system of preventive detention, both within the criminal law (for sexual predators) and without (for suspected terrorists). The essays in this volume bring together the best of European and American comparative writing on these issues.” From Publisher’s Website
|Reconstructing Restorative Justice Philosophy, ed. by Theo Gavrielides and Vasso Artinopoulou. Farnham, Surrey, UK; Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing Ltd., 2013. 368p.
“This book takes bold steps in forming much-needed philosophical foundations for restorative justice through deconstructing and reconstructing various models of thinking. It challenges current debates through the consideration and integration of various disciplines such as law, criminology, philosophy and human rights into restorative justice theory, resulting in the development of new and stimulating arguments. Topics covered include the close relationship and convergence of restorative justice and human rights, some of the challenges of engagement with human rights, the need for the recognition of the teachings of restorative justice at both the theoretical and the applied level, the Aristotelian theory on restorative justice, the role of restorative justice in schools and in police practice and a discussion of the humanistic African philosophy of Ubuntu.With international contributions from various disciplines and through the use of value based research methods, the book deconstructs existing concepts and suggests a new conceptual model for restorative justice. This unique book will be of interest to academics, researchers, policy-makers and practitioners.” From Publisher’s Website
|Reducing Crime Reducing Incarceration: Essays on Criminal Justice Innovation, by Greg Berman. New Orleans, Louisiana: Quid Pro Books, 2014. 180p.
“A new collection of compelling and challenging essays from one of the nation’s leading voices on criminal justice reform, Reducing Crime, Reducing Incarceration makes the argument that sometimes small changes on the ground can add up to big improvements in the criminal justice system.
|Religious Faith in Correctional Contexts, by Kent R. Kerley. Boulder, CO: First Forum Press, 2013. 189p.
“Kent Kerley explores the issue of religion in prison, offering a rich portrait of religious practices and their impacts.
Kerley shows how offenders of all stripes use faith to adapt and survive in difficult institutional settings. He sheds light on the complex processes of religious conversion, discusses the development of tools for staying straight in and after prison, and reveals surprising differences between the experiences of men and women. Moving to the realm of policy, Kerley s analysis illuminates the specific mechanisms by which faith-based prison programming can have a positive impact.” From Publisher’s Website
|Shearing. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2013. 257p.
“The security governance of South Africa has faced immense challenges amid post-apartheid constitutional and political transformations. In many cases, policing and governmental organizations have failed to provide security and other services to the poorest inhabitants. Security Governance, Policing, and Local Capacity explores an experiment that took place in Zwelethemba—located in South Africa’s Western Cape Province—to establish legitimate and effective nonstate security governance within poor urban settlements.
There has been, and continues to be, much reticence to endorsing private forms of security governance that operate outside of state institutions within local communities. Those initiatives have often led to situations where force is used illegally and punishment is dispensed arbitrarily and brutally. This book explores the extent to which this model of mobilizing local knowledge and capacity was able to effectively achieve justice, democracy, accountability, and development in this region.
Whenever possible, the book includes raw data and a thorough analysis of existing information on security governance. Examining this case and its outcome, the authors provide a theoretical analysis of the model used and present a series of design principles for future applications in local security governance. The book concludes that poor communities are a significant source of untapped resources that can, under certain conditions, be mobilized to significantly enhance safety. This volume is an important examination of experimental models and a presentation of new groundbreaking theory on engaging the local community in solving security governance problems.” From Publisher’s Website
|Security Governance, Policing, and Local Capacity, by Jan Froestad and Clifford D.
Senior Citizens Behind Bars: Challenges for the Criminal Justice System, ed. by John J. Kerbs and Jennifer M. Jolley. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers Inc., 2014. 287p.
“Within two decades if not sooner at least one in three prisoners in the US will be a senior citizen. Our prisons, however, were designed for a much younger population. Senior Citizens Behind Bars critically explores the unique set of challenges that older prisoners pose for the criminal justice system.
Examining the lack of fit between the needs of older inmates and the correctional policies and practices that govern efforts to meet those needs, the authors confront such tough issues as health care, inmate victimization, and end-of-life care. Their rigorous, evidence-based analysis of both problems and solutions is a seminal contribution carefully designed for scholars and practitioners alike.” From Publisher’s Website
|Social Policy and Change in East Asia, ed. by James Lee, James Midgley, and Yapeng Zhu. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2013. 218p.
“Social Policy and Change in East Asia is a collection of essays from a group of indigenous East Asian social policy researchers who met bi-annually to discuss social development issues. The book’s focus is the policy responses of respective East Asian government since the 2008 financial tsunami struck the region. Together, the essays in Social Policy and Change in East Asia argue that traditional social policy approach has failed to account for the problem of economic volatility and to devise policy measures that can promote long-term stability. Avoiding a static and Eurocentric approach, the authors of this book seek to unravel the meaning of the social development approach in various policy contexts. This book supports a dynamic understanding of social policy formulation that does not neglect the problem of economic turbulence in policy and planning.” From Publisher’s Website
|Solitary Confinement: Social Death and Its Afterlives, by Lisa Guenther. Minneapolis MN, University of Minnesota Press, 2013. 368p.
“Prolonged solitary confinement has become a widespread and standard practice in U.S. prisons—even though it consistently drives healthy prisoners insane, makes the mentally ill sicker, and, according to the testimony of prisoners, threatens to reduce life to a living death. In this profoundly important and original book, Lisa Guenther examines the death-in-life experience of solitary confinement in America from the early nineteenth century to today’s supermax prisons. Documenting how solitary confinement undermines prisoners’ sense of identity and their ability to understand the world, Guenther demonstrates the real effects of forcibly isolating a person for weeks, months, or years.
Drawing on the testimony of prisoners and the work of philosophers and social activists from Edmund Husserl and Maurice Merleau-Ponty to Frantz Fanon and Angela Davis, the author defines solitary confinement as a kind of social death. It argues that isolation exposes the relational structure of being by showing what happens when that structure is abused—when prisoners are deprived of the concrete relations with others on which our existence as sense-making creatures depends. Solitary confinement is beyond a form of racial or political violence; it is an assault on being.
A searing and unforgettable indictment, Solitary Confinement reveals what the devastation wrought by the torture of solitary confinement tells us about what it means to be human—and why humanity is so often destroyed when we separate prisoners from all other people.” From Publisher’s Website
|Street Art, Public City: Law, Crime and the Urban Imagination, by Alison Young. Abingdon, Oxon, UK; New York: Routledge, 2014. 200p.
“What is street art? Who is the street artist? Why is street art a crime?
Since the late 1990s, a distinctive cultural practice has emerged in many cities: street art, involving the placement of uncommissioned artworks in public places. Sometimes regarded as a variant of graffiti, sometimes called a new art movement, its practitioners engage in illicit activities while at the same time the resulting artworks can command high prices at auction and have become collectable aesthetic commodities. Such paradoxical responses show that street art challenges conventional understandings of culture, law, crime and art.
Street Art, Public City: Law, Crime and the Urban Imagination engages with those paradoxes in order to understand how street art reveals new modes of citizenship in the contemporary city. It examines the histories of street art and the motivations of street artists, and the experiences both of making street art and looking at street art in public space. It considers the ways in which street art has become an integral part of the identity of cities such as London, New York, Berlin, and Melbourne, at the same time as street art has become increasingly criminalised. It investigates the implications of street art for conceptions of property and authority, and suggests that street art and the urban imagination can point us towards a different kind of city: the public city.
|Suspicious Gifts: Bribery, Morality, and Professional Ethics, by Malin Åkerström. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 2014. 208p.
“Gifts have been given and received in all eras and societies; gifts are part of a universal human exchange. The importance of creating and sustaining social bonds with the help of gifts is widely acknowledged by social scientists, not only from anthropological but also from economic, sociological, and political science perspectives. Contemporary anti-corruption campaigns, however, have led gifts to be viewed with ever-increasing suspicion, because it is feared that the social bonds created by gift giving may contaminate professional decision-making.
Suspicious Gifts investigates the sensitive issue of gift exchanges and how they become an object of contention. Malin Åkerström considers the moral dilemmas presented by bribes and gift giving as experienced by Swedish aid workers and professionals working in the public sector, business, and adoption agencies. She also deals with professionals’ interaction with foreign officials or contractors. Often a gift is just that, although sometimes the gift giving may be seen by others as a bribe.
Åkerström highlights the tensions between strict regulations designed to prevent corruption with the human affection for the institution of gift giving. She argues that bribes and gifts are important social phenomena because they are windows into classic sociological and anthropological research issues concerning interaction, social control, exchange, and rituals. This unique analysis will be of keen interest to all sociologists, public officials, and professionals.” From Publisher’s Website
|Thai Stick: Surfers, Scammers, and the Untold Story of the Marijuana Trade, by Peter Maguire and Mike Ritter. New York: Columbia University Press, 2014. 272p.
“Located on the left bank of the Chao Phya River, Thailand’s capital, Krungthep, known as Bangkok to Westerners and “the City of Angels” to Thais, has been home to smugglers and adventurers since the late eighteenth century. During the 1970s, it became a modern Casablanca to a new generation of treasure seekers, from surfers looking to finance their endless summers to wide-eyed hippie true believers and lethal marauders left over from the Vietnam War.
Moving a shipment of Thai sticks from northeast Thailand farms to American consumers meant navigating one of the most complex smuggling channels in the history of the drug trade. Many forget that until the mid-1970s, the vast majority of marijuana consumed in the United States was imported, and there was little to no domestic production.
Peter Maguire and Mike Ritter are the first historians to document this underground industry, the only record of its existence rooted in the fading memories of its elusive participants. Drawing on hundreds of interviews with smugglers and law enforcement agents, the authors recount the buy, delivery, voyage home, and product offload. They capture the eccentric personalities of the men and women who transformed the Thai marijuana trade from a GI cottage industry into a professionalized business moving the world’s most lucrative commodities, unraveling a rare history from the smugglers’ perspective.” From Publisher’s Website
|The Criminalization of Mental Illness: Crisis and Opportunity for the Justice System, by Risdon N. Slate, Jacqueline K. Buffington-Vollum, and W. Wesley Johnson. Durham, NC: North Carolina Academic Press, 2013. 570p.
“For a myriad of reasons the criminal justice system has become the de facto mental health system. This book explores how and why this is the case. Sensationalized cases often drive criminal justice policies that can sometimes be impulsively enacted and misguided.
While there are chapters that examine competency, insanity, and inpatient and outpatient commitment, the primary focus of the book is on the bulk of encounters that clog the criminal justice system with persons with mental illnesses (pwmi). Criminal justice practitioners are often ill-equipped for dealing with pwmi in crises. However, via application of therapeutic jurisprudence principles some agencies are better preparing their employees for such encounters and attempting to stop the inhumane and costly recycling of pwmi through the criminal justice system.
Coverage runs the gamut from deinstitutionalization, to specialized law enforcement responses, to mental health courts, to jails and prisons, to discharge planning, diversion, and reentry. Also, criminal justice practitioners in their own words provide insight into and examples of the interface between the mental health and criminal justice systems. Throughout the book the balance between maintaining public safety and preserving civil liberties is examined as the state’s police power and parens patriae roles are considered.
Reasoned, collaborative approaches for influencing and informing policies that are often driven by crises are discussed; this book also reflects more psychological underpinnings than the 1st edition, as one of the co-authors new to this edition is a forensic clinical psychologist.” From Publisher’s Website
|The Incarceration of Women: Punishing Bodies, Breaking Spirits, by Linda Moore and Phil Scraton. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire, UK; Palgrave Macmillan, 2014. 272p.
“This unique book adopts a rich theoretical, empirical and political perspective to explore the gendered incarceration of women and girls and the marginalization of their needs and rights within predominantly male penal systems.
Focusing on a decade’s research inside prisons in Northern Ireland, Moore and Scraton integrate in-depth interviews, focus groups, regime observation and documentary analysis to examine issues of equality, discipline, mental health, self-harm, abuse and suicide. The independent, primary research engages in controversies regarding the deaths of women in custody, a hunger strike concerning the status of politically-affiliated women prisoners, media revelations of sexual exploitation of women prisoners by male prison guards, and the use of punitive strip-searches and punishment cells for vulnerable women.
|The Privilege Against Self-Incrimination and Criminal Justice, by Andrew L-T Choo. Oxford, UK; Portland, OR: Hart Publishing, 2013. 180p.
“The privilege against self-incrimination is often represented in the case law of England and Wales as a principle of fundamental importance in the law of criminal procedure and evidence. Logically, recognition of a privilege against self-incrimination should mean that a person cannot be compelled to provide information that could reasonably lead to, or increase the likelihood of, her or his prosecution for a criminal offense. Yet, there are many statutory provisions in England and Wales allowing demands for information that, if provided, could be used in a criminal prosecution, and, if not provided, could result in a criminal prosecution for the failure to provide it. This book examines the operation of the privilege in England and Wales, paying particular attention to the influence of the European Convention on Human Rights and the Human Rights Act 1998 on the development of the principle. Among the questions addressed are whether the relevant case law clarifies sufficiently what the potential scope of the privilege is (does it apply, for example, to pre-existing material?), and how the privilege might be justified. Consideration is given where appropriate to the approaches taken in jurisdictions, such as the US, Canada, and New Zealand. (Series: Criminal Law Library)” From Publisher’s Website
|Trading Democracy for Justice: Criminal Convictions of the Decline of Neighborhood Political Participation, by Traci Burch. Chicago; London: The University of Chicago Press, 2013. 272p.
“The United States imprisons far more people, total and per capita, and at a higher rate than any other country in the world. Among the more than 1.5 million Americans currently incarcerated, minorities and the poor are disproportionately represented. What’s more, they tend to come from just a few of the most disadvantaged neighborhoods in the country. While the political costs of this phenomenon remain poorly understood, it’s become increasingly clear that the effects of this mass incarceration are much more pervasive than previously thought, extending beyond those imprisoned to the neighbors, family, and friends left behind.
For Trading Democracy for Justice, Traci Burch has drawn on data from neighborhoods with imprisonment rates up to fourteen times the national average to chart demographic features that include information about imprisonment, probation, and parole, as well as voter turnout and volunteerism. She presents powerful evidence that living in a high-imprisonment neighborhood significantly decreases political participation. Similarly, people living in these neighborhoods are less likely to engage with their communities through volunteer work. What results is the demobilization of entire neighborhoods and the creation of vast inequalities—even among those not directly affected by the criminal justice system.
The first book to demonstrate the ways in which the institutional effects of imprisonment undermine already disadvantaged communities, Trading Democracy for Justice speaks to issues at the heart of democracy.” From Publisher’s Website
|Trends in Policing: Interviews with Police Leaders Across the Globe, ed. by Bruce F. Baker and Dilip K. Das. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2013. 277p.
“Trends in Policing: Interviews with Police Leaders Across the Globe, Volume Four is the latest installment in a series of insightful interviews with senior police executives worldwide. The book offers readers an unparalleled insider’s perspective on police goals, practices, and management in nationwide, regional, and city environments. Conducted by a team of academic and practitioner experts following the same schema of topics, the interviews explore the executives’ backgrounds, education, and careers and provide insight on a number of topics relevant to their work, including:
The interview participants are drawn from four continents and from a broad variety of policing contexts—from metropolitan to largely rural areas, developed and developing countries, from emerging democracies to stable democracies. They are diverse in age, ethnicity, education, background, and career trajectories.
This volume constitutes a resource of immense value to academic analysts of policing philosophies and leadership, as well as to policymakers and practitioners who wish to have a sense of where the leaders in their field have come from and where they are going. The book and its predecessors are a major contribution to the study and practice of policing around the world.” From Publisher’s Website
|Understanding and Preventing Corruption, by Adam Graycar and Tim Prenzler. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Pivot, 2013. 144p.
“This readily accessible guide addresses key issues in the international problem of public and private sector corruption. Despite the growth in interest of corruption in government and politics, few studies have focused on the practical questions of how to combat corruption. Graycar and Prenzler address these deficits by connecting analyses about the nature and causes of corruption with strategies for effective corruption reduction.
Using a variety of international case studies, this text explores the range of harms caused by corruption and the opportunity factors that allow corruption to occur in diverse forms and locations. Presenting an innovative evidence-based framework, Graycar and Prenzler examine the lessons which can be learnt, exploring corruption prevention strategies in the areas of criminal justice, government procurement, public health and town planning.
Understanding and Preventing Corruption is distinctive in its application of situational crime prevention and presentation of practical strategies to minimise misconduct, and will be a valuable resource to scholars in Criminology, Law, Politics and Economics as well as practitioners in the field of corruption, and lawyers, policy-makers and politicians more broadly.” From Publisher’s Website
|Victimisation in a Digitised Society: A Survey Among Members of the Public Concerning E-fraud, Hacking and Other High-Volume Crimes, by M.M.L. Domenie, E.R. Leukfeldt, J.A. van Wilsem, J. Jansen, and W.Ph. Stol. The Hague, NETH: Eleven International Publishing, 2013. 164p.
“The internet has brought us great benefits, but also new forms of vulnerability: computers are attacked by hackers, people buying online are defrauded, and stalkers use digital technology to hound their victims. This book’s research presents the first countrywide view of victimization in the Netherlands caused by ‘offenses with a digital component’ – in other words, cybercrime. The research results were collated from data covering 9,163 users of the internet from the age of 15 upwards. They focus chiefly on the scale of victimization and the factors affecting the risk of becoming a victim. The role of the police is also taken into account. The figures reveal that cybercrime has a serious impact on the daily life of ordinary people. It has all the characteristics of high-volume crime. This means that expertise on cybercrime ought to be broadly available throughout the entire chain of criminal law. The results of this research are significant for all who are involved in the digitization of our society and in combating crime.” From Publisher’s Website
|War Crimes and the Conduct of Hostilities: Challenges to Adjudication and Investigation, ed. by Fausto Pocar, Marco Pedrazzi, and Micaela Frulli. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, 2013. 416p.
“Most charges for war crimes are brought for violations of the rules on the treatment of protected persons in armed conflict situations. However in certain cases, they are brought for serious breach of international humanitarian law rules governing the conduct of hostilities. This book seeks to address this somewhat neglected area of international criminal law.
War Crimes and the Conduct of Hostilities identifies the challenges faced by prosecutors, investigators and courts and tribunals in the definition, investigation and adjudication of war crimes, based on violations of the rules of international humanitarian law on the conduct of hostilities. Detailed and topical sections in the book include: violations of the principles of distinction, proportionality and precaution, violations of the rules protecting particular categories of persons, violations of the rules on means of warfare and the special case of terrorism in armed conflicts.
This indispensable study will strongly benefit academics, students, lawyers, judges and practitioners in international criminal law, international humanitarian law and human rights law. Government and public administration officials, along with NGO members, will also find much to interest them in this timely book.” From Publisher’s Website
|Who Patrols the Streets? by Jan Terpstra, Bas van Stokkom, and Ruben Spreeuwers. The Hague, NETH: Eleven International Publishing, 2013. 172p.
“Over the past 20 years, in many areas of the world, a new division of responsibilities has arisen in the management of crime and disorder. Public security is no longer considered to be the task of the police alone. Other agencies, both public and private, have increasingly become involved in preventing and combating nuisance, social disorder, and crime. Who Patrols the Streets? is based on an international comparative study on the pluralization of policing in a number of countries: Canada, England/Wales, the Netherlands, Austria, and Belgium. New uniformed officers are to be found in all these countries, with names – such as surveillance officer, community guard, warden, support officer, and municipal patroller – that differ as much as their uniforms, equipment, legal powers, social status, or relations with the public police. For each of these countries, an analysis is presented of these new forms of policing in the (semi) public space. What circumstances contributed to it? What are the positive and negative consequences of this plural policing? The book presents an analysis of the main similarities and differences in plural policing between these jurisdictions. A typology is presented of the different forms of non-police providers of policing in the public space. Several models are presented that are relevant for the debate on the future policy and organization of non-police policing.” From Publisher’s Website
|Women, Incarceration, and Human Rights Violations: Feminist Criminology and Corrections, by Alana Van Gundy and Amy Baumann-Grau. Farnham, Surrey, UK; Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing Ltd, 2013. 147p.
“A rich examination of the neglect and abuses occurring to women in correctional facilities, Women, Incarceration, and Human Rights Violations draws upon a wealth of case studies from around the world and class action law suits to shed light on ‘covert’ abuse such as sexual or physical abuse, as well as ‘overt’ abuse such as the denial of medical treatment. Adopting a feminist framework, this book offers a comparative evaluation of abuse in domestic and international correctional facilities, demonstrating the extent to which women are at high risk of being sexually abused and re-victimized in the correctional system, where pregnancy and other specific medical and health issues are consistently ignored. Calling attention to the necessity of addressing the gender-specific needs of women who are incarcerated, Women, Incarceration, and Human Rights Violations offers a review of current policy, laws, and regulation bearing on the issue, while providing concrete recommendations and policy changes to address abuses. As such it will appeal to sociologists, criminologists, and policymakers concerned with questions of gender, penology, and institutional abuse.” From Publisher’s Website
|Wrongful Conviction and Criminal Justice Reform: Making Justice, by Marvin Zalman and Julia Carrano. Abingdon, Oxon, UK; New York: Routledge, 2014. 348p.
“Wrongful Conviction and Criminal Justice Reform is an important addition to the literature and teaching on innocence reform. This book delves into wrongful convictions studies but expands upon them by offering potential reforms that would alleviate the problem of wrongful convictions in the criminal justice system. Written to be accessible to students, Wrongful Conviction and Criminal Justice Reform is a main text for wrongful convictions courses or a secondary text for more general courses in criminal justice, political science, and law school innocence clinics.” From Publisher’s Website