Listed below are books received for review over the last two months. Entries include publishing information as well as a description of the book. Unless otherwise stated, the book description is taken from the publisher’s website or the book jacket. Selected titles from this list will be chosen for a full review in forthcoming issues of Criminal Law and Criminal Justice Books. Previous books received are available from the links below.
|Across the Spectrum of Women and Crime: Theories, offending, and the Criminal Justice System, ed. by Susan F. Sharp, Susan Marcus-Mendoza, Kathleen A. Cameron, and Elicia S. Daniel-Roberson. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 2016. 312p.
‘This interdisciplinary volume explores various dimensions of female offending and the underlying gender assumptions inherent in this phenomenon. The readings are original research written for this book, incorporating various methodologies including case studies, in-depth interviews, and analyses of large state and national data sets.
Grounded in feminist theory, the collection is divided into three sections. The first focuses on theoretical perspectives on women and crime from a feminist approach. The importance of investigating the intersection of race, class, gender, ability status, and sexual orientation is addressed in a number of the readings, as well as an examination of the ways society has failed these women. The second section focuses on varieties of female offending. These include an in-depth exploration of women who kill their children, as well as an examination of how women involved in the methamphetamine trade view themselves. Other readings include women who move from legal sex work into prostitution and women who become suicide bombers. The final section of the book is focused on how the system responds to women who offend. Chapters include such intriguing topics as wrongful convictions, how women experience incarceration (including health treatment), second chance grand parenting, and a qualitative study focused on recidivism and reintegration.” From Publisher’s Website.
|The Age of Deference: The Supreme Court, National Security, and the Constitutional Order, by David Rudenstine. New York: Oxford University Press, 2016. 344p.
“Argues that cases implicating national security are an highly important and distinct set of cases that not only permitted but strengthened the rise of the Imperial Presidency and the national security state.
Shows that the role of the high court in this important dynamic can only be understood by acknowledging that the Judiciary’s Age of Deference commenced shortly after the end of World War II, as opposed to after 9/11 and the War on Terror; Argues that the rule of law compels the court to re-define its perspective and the legal doctrines central to the Age.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Anthropology and Law: A Critical Introduction, by Mark Goodale. New York: New York University Press, 2017. 290p.
“An introduction to the anthropology of law that explores the connections between law, politics, and technology.
From legal responsibility for genocide to rectifying past injuries to indigenous people, the anthropology of law addresses some of the crucial ethical issues of our day. Over the past twenty-five years, anthropologists have studied how new forms of law have reshaped important questions of citizenship, biotechnology, and rights movements, among many others. Meanwhile, the rise of international law and transitional justice has posed new ethical and intellectual challenges to anthropologists.Anthropology and Law provides a comprehensive overview of the anthropology of law in the post-Cold War era. Mark Goodale introduces the central problems of the field and builds on the legacy of its intellectual history, while a foreword by Sally Engle Merry highlights the challenges of using the law to seek justice on an international scale. The book’s chapters cover a range of intersecting areas including language and law, history, regulation, indigenous rights, and gender.For a complete understanding of the consequential ways in which anthropologists have studied, interacted with, and critiqued, the ways and means of law, Anthropology and Law is required reading.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Big House on the Prairie: Rise of the Rural Ghetto and Prison Proliferation, by John M. Eason. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2017. 236p.
“For the past fifty years, America has been extraordinarily busy building prisons. Since 1970 we have tripled the total number of facilities, adding more than 1,200 new prisons to the landscape. This building boom has taken place across the country but is largely concentrated in rural southern towns.
In 2007, John M. Eason moved his family to Forrest City, Arkansas, in search of answers to key questions about this trend: Why is America building so many prisons? Why now? And why in rural areas? Eason quickly learned that rural demand for prisons is complicated. Towns like Forrest City choose to build prisons not simply in hopes of landing jobs or economic wellbeing, but also to protect and improve their reputations. For some rural leaders, fostering a prison in their town is a means of achieving order in a rapidly changing world. Taking us into the decision-making meetings and tracking the impact of prisons on economic development, poverty, and race, Eason demonstrates how groups of elite whites and black leaders share power. Situating prisons within dynamic shifts that rural economies are undergoing and showing how racially diverse communities lobby for prison construction, Big House on the Prairie is a remarkable glimpse into the ways a prison economy takes shape and operates.” From Publisher’s Website
|Boko Haram and the War on Terror, by Caroline Varin. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger, 2017. 187p.
“In 2009, Nigerian security forces stormed a religious cult by the name of Boko Haram, killing its leader and thousands of followers. Six years later, Boko Haram is an enemy to reckon with, boasting 15,000 members and taking credit for 20,000 deaths. This book looks at the successful rise of this terrorist group, probing the religious and political environment that enabled a relatively small cult to threaten a nation.
The study draws on the author’s fieldwork in Nigeria, where she had access to officials, activists, psychologists, and military personnel. Written in a clear and accessible manner, it offers a micro-to-macro investigation of the Boko Haram as a phenomenon. It also provides readers with an understanding of the regional dynamics that obstructed political and military cooperation among neighboring countries, enabling Boko Haram’s success. This book traces the group’s religious origins in the early 2000s and documents its violent political claims in Nigeria and across the border in Northern Cameroon, Niger, and Chad. Finally, it examines the impact of the international War on Terror and presents a comparative study of other contemporary terrorism movements and their networks.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Broadening the Scope of Human Trafficking Research: A Reader, edited by Erin C. Heil and Andrea J. Nichols. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 2016. 296p.
“Broadening the Scope of Human Trafficking Research is an edited reader that not only discusses the myriad of types of human trafficking (e.g. sex trafficking, labor trafficking, adoption, child soldiers, organ trafficking, servile marriage…) but also the diversity of victims’ identities and the relationship to heightened trafficking risk (e.g. race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, age, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity…).
The book emphasizes the multiple types of human trafficking and exploitation evident worldwide, with a particular emphasis on identity-based vulnerabilities and those otherwise marginalized in the research literature. The public discourse associated with human trafficking has led the general public to believe that human trafficking is synonymous with sex trafficking. Although this is the most identified form of human trafficking, it is not the only practice of traffickers. It has been revealed that children are illegally sold through false adoption agencies; women are bought for marriage and then forced into various forms of labor; children become involved in paramilitary organizations and are coerced into fighting as soldiers. All of these activities fall under the umbrella term of human trafficking, but are not often socially nor legally represented as such. Similarly, the role of identity based oppression is marginalized in the research literature as well.
This edited reader reveals the complexity of human trafficking, and lays the groundwork for a shift in the global understanding and policies associated with human trafficking. It brings together experts from multi-disciplinary perspectives and backgrounds to discuss the various types of human trafficking as well as the myriad of victim identities and related vulnerabilities.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Chasing Criminal Money: Challenges and Perspectives on Asset Recovery in the EU, edited by Katalin Ligeti and Michele Simonato. Oxford, UK; Portland, OR: Bloomsbury/Hart, 2017. 378p.
“The fight against dirty money is not a new topic, nor a recent problem. It has existed within international and national agendas since the 1980s. Nonetheless, the evolving complexity of criminal skills and networks; the increasingly global dimension of crime; the financial crisis; and the alleged unsatisfactory results of the efforts hitherto undertaken cause us to re-pose and re-discuss some questions.
This book addresses several issues concerning the reasons, objectives and scope of national and supranational strategies targeting criminal money, as well as the concrete modalities to overcome its obstacles. The main objective is to explore where the EU stands and where it ought to go, providing useful input for policy-makers and further research. Nevertheless, the problems are not limited to the EU area, and assets – particularly money – cross EU borders much more easily than people do. The reflections developed in the chapters, therefore, aim at going beyond these EU borders.
The book is divided into two parts. The first one focuses on the core of asset recovery policies, namely confiscation or forfeiture laws, and explores in particular some issues concerning the respect of fundamental rights. The second part addresses other problematic aspects related to the asset recovery process, such as the return of assets to victim countries, the cross-border investigations on dirty money, and the social use of confiscated assets.” From Publisher’s Website
|The Chinese Mafia, Organized Crime, Corruption, and Extra- Legal Protection, by Peng Wang. Oxford, UK; New York: Oxford University Press, 2017. 272p.
“Utilizing individual interviews and focus group discussions, primarily from two Chinese cities, The Chinese Mafia: Organized Crime, Corruption, and Extra-Legal Protection contribute to the understanding of organized crime and corruption in the Chinese context, filing a significant gap in criminological literature, by investigating how extra-legal protectors-corrupt public officials and street gangsters-emerge, evolve and operate in a rapidly changing society.
China’s economic reforms have been accompanied by a surge of social problems, such as ineffective legal institutions, booming black markets and rampant corruption. This has resulted in the rise of extra-legal means of protection and enforcement: such is the demand for protection that cannot be fulfilled by state-sponsored institutions. This book develops a new socio-economic theory of mafia emergence, incorporating Granovetter’s argument on social embeddedness into Gambetta’s economic theory of the mafia, to suggest that the rise of the Chinese mafia is primarily due to the negative influence of guanxi (a Chinese version of personal connections) on the effectiveness of the formal legal system. This interplay has two major consequences. First, the weakened ability of the formal legal system sees street gangsters (the ‘Black Mafia’) providing protection and quasi law enforcement. Second, it allows for escalating abuse of power by public officials; as a result, corrupt officials (the ‘Red Mafia’) sell public appointments, exchange illegal benefits with businesses and protect local gangs. Together, these outcomes have seen street gangs shift their operations away from traditional areas (e.g. gambling, prostitution and drug distribution), whilst corrupt public officials have moved to offer illegal services to the criminal underworld, including the safeguarding organized crime groups and protection of illegal entrepreneurs.
A study of crime and deviance located within a fast growing economy, The Chinese Mafia offers a unique understanding of these activities within contemporary Chinese society and a new perspective for understanding the interaction between corruption and organized crime. It will be of interest to academics and students engaged in the fields of criminology and criminal justice, sociology, and political science, with particular interest for those researching China and Chinese politics and governance.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Citizen Spies: The Long Rise of America’s Surveillance Society, by Joshua Reeves. New York: New York University Press, 2017. 256p.
“Ever since the revelations of whistleblower Edward Snowden, we think about surveillance as the data-tracking digital technologies used by the likes of Google, the National Security Administration, and the military. But in reality, the state and allied institutions have a much longer history of using everyday citizens to spy and inform on their peers. Citizen Spies shows how “If You See Something, Say something” is more than just a new homeland security program; it has been an essential civic responsibility throughout the history of the United States.” From Publisher’s Website.
|City of Inmates: Conquest, Rebellion, and the Rise of Human Caging in Los Angeles, 1771-1965, by Kelly Lytle Hernandez. Durham, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2017. 312p.
“Los Angeles incarcerates more people than any other city in the United States, which imprisons more people than any other nation on Earth. This book explains how the City of Angels became the capital city of the world’s leading incarcerator. Marshaling more than two centuries of evidence, historian Kelly Lytle Hernandez unmasks how histories of native elimination, immigrant exclusion, and black disappearance drove the rise of incarceration in Los Angeles. In this telling, which spans from the Spanish colonial era to the outbreak of the 1965 Watts Rebellion, Hernandez documents the persistent historical bond between the racial fantasies of conquest, namely its settler colonial form, and the eliminatory capacities of incarceration.
But City of Inmates is also a chronicle of resilience and rebellion, documenting how targeted peoples and communities have always fought back. They busted out of jail, forced Supreme Court rulings, advanced revolution across bars and borders, and, as in the summer of 1965, set fire to the belly of the city. With these acts those who fought the rise of incarceration in Los Angeles altered the course of history in the city, the borderlands, and beyond. This book recounts how the dynamics of conquest met deep reservoirs of rebellion as Los Angeles became the City of Inmates, the nation’s carceral core. It is a story that is far from over.” From Publisher’s Website.
|College in Prison: Reading in an Age of Mass Incarceration, by Daniel Karpowitz. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2017. 160p.
“Over the years, American colleges and universities have made various efforts to provide prisoners with access to education. However, few of these outreach programs presume that incarcerated men and women can rise to the challenge of a truly rigorous college curriculum. The Bard Prison Initiative is different.
College in Prison chronicles how, since 2001, Bard College has provided hundreds of incarcerated men and women across the country access to a high-quality liberal arts education. Earning degrees in subjects ranging from Mandarin to advanced mathematics, graduates have, upon release, gone on to rewarding careers and elite graduate and professional programs. Yet this is more than just a story of exceptional individuals triumphing against the odds. It is a study in how the liberal arts can alter the landscape of some of our most important public institutions giving people from all walks of life a chance to enrich their minds and expand their opportunities.
Drawing on fifteen years of experience as a director of and teacher within the Bard Prison Initiative, Daniel Karpowitz tells the story of BPI’s development from a small pilot project to a nationwide network. At the same time, he recounts dramatic scenes from in and around college-in-prison classrooms pinpointing the contested meanings that emerge in moments of highly-charged reading, writing, and public speaking. Through examining the transformative encounter between two characteristically American institutions—the undergraduate college and the modern penitentiary—College in Prison makes a powerful case for why liberal arts education is still vital to the future of democracy in the United States.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Complicity in International Criminal Law: Studies in International Law, by Marina Aksenova. Oxford, UK; Portland, OR: Hart/Bloomsbury, 2016. 344p.
“This book tackles one of the most contentious aspects of international criminal law – the modes of liability. At the heart of the discussion is the quest for balance between the accuser’s individual contribution and the collective nature of mass offending. The principle of legality demands that there exists a well-defined link between the crime and the person charged with it. This is so even in the context of international offending, which often implies ‘several degrees of separation’ between the direct perpetrator and the person who authorises the atrocity. The challenge is to construct that link without jeopardizing the interests of justice. This monograph provides the first comprehensive treatment of complicity within the discipline and beyond. Extensive analysis of the pertinent statutes and jurisprudence reveals gaps in interpreting accessorial liability. Simultaneously, the study of complicity becomes a test for the general methods and purposes of international criminal law. The book exposes problems with the sources of law and demonstrates the absence of clearly defined sentencing and policy rationales, which are crucial tools in structuring judicial discretion.” From Publisher’s Website.
|The Concept of Cultural Genocide: An International Law Perspective, by Elisa Novic. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2016. 266p.
“Cultural genocide is the systematic destruction of traditions, values, language, and other elements that make one group of people distinct from another. Cultural genocide remains a recurrent topic, appearing not only in the form of wide-ranging claims about the commission of cultural genocide in diverse contexts but also in the legal sphere, as exemplified by the discussions before the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and also the drafting of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. These discussions have, however, displayed the lack of a uniform understanding of the concept of cultural genocide and thus of the role that international law is expected to fulfil in this regard.
The Concept of Cultural Genocide: An International Law Perspective details how international law has approached the core idea underlying the concept of cultural genocide and how this framework can be strengthened and fostered. It traces developments from the early conceptualisation of cultural genocide to the contemporary question of its reparation. Through this journey, the book discusses the evolution of various branches of international law in relation to both cultural protection and cultural destruction in light of a number of legal cases in which either the concept of cultural genocide or the idea of cultural destruction has been discussed. Such cases include the destruction of cultural and religious heritage in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the forced removals of Aboriginal children in Australia and Canada, and the case law of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights in relation to Indigenous and tribal groups’ cultural destruction.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Dangerous Spaces, Beyond the Racial Profile, by D. Marvin Jones.. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger, 2016. 244p.
“In 21st-century, post–civil rights era America, “race” has become complex and intersectional. It is no longer simply a matter of color—black versus white—contends author D. Marvin Jones, but equally a matter of space or “geographies of fear,” which he defines as spaces in which different groups are particularly vulnerable to stereotyping by law enforcement: blacks in the urban ghetto, Mexicans at the functional equivalent of the border, Arabs at the airport.
Dangerous Spaces: Beyond the Racial Profile demonstrates how society has constructed a set of threat narratives in which certain widespread problems—immigration, drugs, gangs, and terrorism, for example—have been racialized and explains the historical and social origins of these racializing threat narratives. The book identifies how these narratives have led directly to relentless profiling that result in arrest, deportation, massive surveillance, or even death for members of suspect populations. Readers will come to understand how the problem of profiling is not merely a problem of institutional bias and individual decision making, but also a deeply rooted cultural issue stemming from the processes of meaning-making and identity construction.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Dirty Money: On Financial Delinquency, by Vincenzo Ruggiero. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2017. 288p.
“Navigating financial crashes of the Late Middle Ages up to the present day and analysing them through the lenses of classical, positivist, functionalist and Marxist criminology, Dirty Money: On Financial Delinquency explores the growth of grey areas in the financial world and our understanding, or misunderstanding, of financial delinquency.
Pope Francis, while denouncing the incapacity of governments to reduce poverty and fight the exploitation of cheap labor, has also condemned greed, repeating several times the old medieval adage: money is the excrement of the devil. This distinction between clean and excremental, pure and impure, informs the symbolic order of many traditional and contemporary societies; however, it can also be used to single out criminal activity as opposed to law-abiding conduct and, in particular, to separate acceptable from unacceptable practices in the economic domain. With a focus on financial crime, whose ambiguity, ubiquity and evolving nature make the separation between acceptable and unacceptable practices inherently problematic, this book examines the process whereby the excrement of the devil was slowly ‘freed’ from both its sinful and criminal character. It is a study of how human action turns something seemingly benign into an instrument for the production of harm. Its focus, therefore, is on dirty money – namely the illegitimate appropriation of financial resources by individuals and groups holding expert knowledge and, often, occupying positions of power. The ideological arguments accompanying this evolution are scrutinized, alongside the history of financial initiatives and the accompanying ‘crunches’. The struggle juxtaposing criminalization and decriminalization is at the core of all chapters, which analyze a series of major events chronologically, from the exploits of John Law to the deeds of contemporary finance.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Discretionary Justice; Pardon and Parole in New York from the Revolution to the Depression, by Carolyn Strange. New York: New York University Press, 2016. 366p.
“The pardon is an act of mercy, tied to the divine right of kings. Why did New York retain this mode of discretionary justice after the Revolution? And how did governors’ use of this prerogative change with the advent of the penitentiary and the introduction of parole? This book answers these questions by mining previously unexplored evidence held in official pardon registers, clemency files, prisoner aid association reports and parole records.
This is the first book to analyze the histories of mercy and parole through the same lens, as related but distinct forms of discretionary decision-making. It draws on governors’ public papers and private correspondence to probe their approach to clemency, and it uses qualitative and quantitative methods to profile petitions for mercy, highlighting controversial cases that stirred public debate. Political pressure to render the use of discretion more certain and less personal grew stronger over the nineteenth century, peaking during constitutional conventions and reaching its height in the Progressive Era. Yet, New York’s legislators left the power to pardon in the governor’s hands, where it remains today.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Executing Freedom: The Culture Life of Capital Punishment in the United States, by Daniel LaChance. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2016. 272p.
“In the mid-1990s, as public trust in big government was near an all-time low, 80% of Americans told Gallup that they supported the death penalty. Why did people who didn’t trust government to regulate the economy or provide daily services nonetheless believe that it should have the power to put its citizens to death?
That question is at the heart of Executing Freedom, a powerful, wide-ranging examination of the place of the death penalty in American culture and how it has changed over the years. Drawing on an array of sources, including congressional hearings and campaign speeches, true crime classics like In Cold Blood, and films like Dead Man Walking, Daniel LaChance shows how attitudes toward the death penalty have reflected broader shifts in Americans’ thinking about the relationship between the individual and the state. Emerging from the height of 1970s disillusion, the simplicity and moral power of the death penalty became a potent symbol for many Americans of what government could do—and LaChance argues, fascinatingly, that it’s the very failure of capital punishment to live up to that mythology that could prove its eventual undoing in the United States.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Fatal Fictions, Crime and Investigation in Law and Literature, by Alison L. LaCroix. Oxford, UK; New York: Oxford University Press, 2016. 344p.
“Writers of fiction have always confronted topics of crime and punishment. This age-old fascination with crime on the part of both authors and readers is not surprising, given that criminal justice touches on so many political and psychological themes essential to literature, and comes equipped with a trial process that contains its own dramatic structure.
This volume explores this profound and enduring literary engagement with crime, investigation, and criminal justice. The collected essays explore three themes that connect the world of law with that of fiction. First, defining and punishing crime is one of the fundamental purposes of government, along with the protection of victims by the prevention of crime. And yet criminal punishment remains one of the most abused and terrifying forms of political power. Second, crime is intensely psychological and therefore an important subject by which a writer can develop and explore character. A third connection between criminal justice and fiction involves the inherently dramatic nature of the legal system itself, particularly the trial. Moreover, the ongoing public conversation about crime and punishment suggests that the time is ripe for collaboration between law and literature in this troubled domain.
The essays in this collection span a wide array of genres, including tragic drama, science fiction, lyric poetry, autobiography, and mystery novels. The works discussed include works as old as fifth-century BCE Greek tragedy and as recent as contemporary novels, memoirs, and mystery novels. The cumulative result is arresting: there are “killer wives” and crimes against trees; a government bureaucrat who sends political adversaries to their death for treason before falling to the same fate himself; a convicted murderer who doesn’t die when hanged; a psychopathogical collector whose quite sane kidnapping victim nevertheless also collects; Justice Thomas’ reading and misreading of Bigger Thomas; a man who forgives his son’s murderer and one who cannot forgive his wife’s non-existent adultery; fictional detectives who draw on historical analysis to solve murders. These essays begin a conversation, and they illustrate the great depth and power of crime in literature.” From Publisher’s Website
|Gender, Psychology, and Justice: The Mental Health of Women and Girls in the Legal System, edited by Corinne C. Datchi and Julie R. Ancis. New York: New York University Press, 2017. 352p.
“Women and girls’ contact with the justice system is often influenced by gender-related assumptions and stereotypes. The justice practices of the past 40 years have been largely based on conceptual principles and assumptions—including personal theories about gender—more than scientific evidence about what works to address the specific needs of women and girls in the justice system. Because of this, women and girls have limited access to equitable justice and are increasingly caught up in outdated and harmful practices, including the net of the criminal justice system.
Gender, Psychology, and Justice provides a critical analysis of girls’ and women’s experiences in the justice system. It reveals the practical implications of training and interventions grounded in psychological research, and suggest new principles for working with women and girls in legal settings.” From Publisher’s Website.
|The Globalization of Childhood: The International Diffusion of Norms and Law against the Child Death Penalty, by Robyn Linde. Oxford, UK; New York: Oxford University Press, 2017. 328p.
“How does an idea that forms in the minds of a few activists in one part of the world become a global norm that nearly all states obey? How do human rights ideas spread? In this book, Robyn Linde tracks the diffusion of a single human rights norm: the abolition of the death penalty for child offenders under the age of 18. The norm against the penalty diffused internationally through law–specifically, criminal law addressing child offenders, usually those convicted of murder or rape. Through detailed case studies and a qualitative, comparative approach to national law and practice, Linde argues that children played an important–though little known–role in the process of state consolidation and the building of international order. This occurred through the promotion of children as international rights holders and was the outcome of almost two centuries of activism. Through an innovative synthesis of prevailing theories of power and socialization, Linde shows that the growth of state control over children was part of a larger political process by which the liberal state (both paternal and democratic) became the only model of acceptable and legitimate statehood and through which newly minted international institutions would find purpose. The book offers insight into the origins, spread, and adoption of human rights norms and law by elucidating the roles and contributions of principled actors and norm entrepreneurs at different stages of diffusion, and by identifying a previously unexplored pattern of change whereby resistant states were brought into compliance with the now global norm against the child death penalty. From the institutions and legacy of colonialism to the development and promotion of the global child–a collection of related, still changing norms of child welfare and protection–Linde demonstrates how a specifically Western conception of childhood and ideas about children shaped the current international system.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Global Lynching and Collective Violence, Volume 1 Asia, Africa, and the Middle East, Ed. Michael J. Pfeifer. Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press, 2017. 256p.
“Often considered peculiarly American, lynching in fact takes place around the world. In the first book of a two-volume study, Michael J. Pfeifer collects essays that look at lynching and related forms of collective violence in Africa, Asia, and the Middle East.
Understanding lynching as a transnational phenomenon rooted in political and cultural flux, the writers probe important issues from Indonesia–where a long history of public violence now twines with the Internet–to South Africa, with its history of vigilante necklacing. Other scholars examine lynching in medieval Nepal, the epidemic of summary executions in late Qing-era China, state-sponsored collective violence during the Nanking Massacre, and the ways public anger and lynching in India relate to identity, autonomy, and territory.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Granville Sharp’s Cases on Slavery, by Andrew Lyall. Oxford, UK; Portland, OR: Bloomsbury/Hart, 2017. 424p.
“The purpose of Granville Sharpe’s Cases on Slavery is twofold: first, to publish previously unpublished legal materials principally in three important cases in the 18th century on the issue of slavery in England, and specifically the status of black people who were slaves in the American colonies or the West Indies and who were taken to England by their masters. The unpublished materials are mostly verbatim transcripts made by shorthand writers commissioned by Granville Sharp, one of the first Englishmen to take up the cause of the abolition of the slave trade and slavery itself. Other related unpublished material is also made available for the first time, including an opinion of an attorney general and some minor cases from the library of York Minster. On the slave ship Zong, there are transcripts of the original declaration, the deposition by the chief mate, James Kelsall and an extract from a manuscript that Professor Martin Dockray was working on before his untimely death.
Lord Mansfield, the chief justice of the court of King’s Bench, was a central figure in all the cases and clearly struggled to come to terms with slavery. The material provides a basis for tracing the evolution of his thought on the subject. On the one hand, the huge profits from slave production in the West Indies flooded into England, slave owners had penetrated the leading institutions in England and the pro-slavery lobby was influential. On the other hand, English law had over time established rights and liberties which in the 18th century were seen by many as national characteristics. That tradition was bolstered by the ideas of the Enlightenment.
By about the 1760s it had become clear that there was no property in the person, and by the 1770s that such servants could not be sent abroad without their consent, but whether they owed an obligation of perpetual service remained unresolved.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Hacked: A Radical Approach to Hacker Culture and Crime, by Kevin F. Steinmetz. New York: New York University Press, 2016. 288p.
“In Hacked, Kevin F. Steinmetz explores what it means to be a hacker and the nuances of hacker culture. Through extensive interviews with hackers, observations of hacker communities, and analyses of hacker cultural products, Steinmetz demystifies the figure of the hacker and situates the practice of hacking within the larger political and economic structures of capitalism, crime, and control.This captivating book challenges many of the common narratives of hackers, suggesting that not all forms of hacking are criminal and, contrary to popular opinion, the broader hacker community actually plays a vital role in our information economy. Hacked thus explores how governments, corporations, and other institutions attempt to manage hacker culture through the creation of ideologies and laws that protect powerful economic interests. Not content to simply critique the situation, Steinmetz ends his work by providing actionable policy recommendations that aim to redirect the focus from the individual to corporations, governments, and broader social issues.” From Publisher’s Website.
|His Porn, Her Pain: Confronting America’s Porn Panic with Honest Talk About Sex, By Marty Klein. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger, 2016. 208p.
“Written by an award-winning author and veteran sex therapist, this practical, innovative, and often passionate book addresses the explosion of pornography use, advises couples on defusing conflict about it, guides parents in helping their kids deal with it, advises people concerned about their use of it, and shows how honest talk about sex can resolve America’s “porn panic.”
This book eases readers’ minds as Klein addresses common concerns and debunks common myths while identifying what we should be concerned about. Most importantly, the author explains how we can heal America’s obsession with porn by engaging in honest talk about sex—something he knows is neither simple nor easy. The text includes sample conversations to help adults talk to each other about pornography, and suggestions for parents on how to talk to their kids about porn—healthy discussions to help their kids develop “Porn Literacy.” This book offers honest, thorough, expert information desperately needed by a nation of people driven to panic about pornography.
From Publisher’s Website.
|How the Gloves Came Off, Lawyers, Policy Makers, and Norms in the Debate on Torture, by Elizabeth Grimm Arsenault. New York: Columbia University Press, 2017. 280p.
“The treatment of detainees at Abu Ghraib prison, Guantánamo Bay, and far-flung CIA “black sites” after the attacks of 9/11 included cruelty that defied legal and normative prohibitions in U.S. and international law. The anti-torture stance of the United States was brushed aside. Since then, the guarantee of American civil liberties and due process for POWs and detainees has grown muddled, threatening the norms that sustain modern democracies. How the Gloves Came Off considers the legal and political arguments that led to this standoff between civility and chaos and their significant consequences for the strategic interests and standing of the United States.
Unpacking the rhetoric surrounding the push for unitary executive action in wartime, How the Gloves Came Off traces the unmaking of the consensus against torture. It implicates U.S. military commanders, high-level government administrators, lawyers, and policy makers from both parties, exposing the ease with which powerful actors manipulated ambiguities to strip detainees of their humanity. By targeting the language and logic that made torture thinkable, this book shows how future decision makers can craft an effective counter narrative and set a new course for U.S. policy toward POWs and detainees. Whether leaders use their influence to reinforce a prohibition of cruelty to prisoners or continue to undermine long-standing international law will determine whether the United States retains a core component of its founding identity.” From Publisher’s Website
|Human Targets: Schools, Police, and the Criminalization of Latino Youth, by Victor M. Rios. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2017. 224p.
“At fifteen, Victor Rios found himself a human target—flat on his ass amid a hail of shotgun fire, desperate for money and a place on the street. Faced with the choice of escalating a drug turf war or eking out a living elsewhere, he turned to a teacher, who mentored him and helped him find a job at an auto shop. That job would alter the course of his whole life—putting him on the road to college and eventually a PhD. Now, Rios is a rising star, hailed for his work studying the lives of African American and Latino youth.
In Human Targets, Rios takes us to the streets of California, where we encounter young men who find themselves in much the same situation as fifteen-year-old Victor. We follow young gang members into schools, homes, community organizations, and detention facilities, watch them interact with police, grow up to become fathers, get jobs, get rap sheets—and in some cases get killed. What is it that sets apart young people like Rios who succeed and survive from the ones who don’t? Rios makes a powerful case that the traditional good kid/bad kid, street kid/decent kid dichotomy is much too simplistic, arguing instead that authorities and institutions help create these identities—and that they can play an instrumental role in providing young people with the resources for shifting between roles. In Rios’s account, to be a poor Latino youth is to be a human target—victimized and considered an enemy by others, viewed as a threat to law enforcement and schools, and burdened by stigma, disrepute, and punishment. That has to change.
This is not another sensationalistic account of gang bangers. Instead, the book is a powerful look at how authority figures succeed—and fail—at seeing the multi-faceted identities of at-risk youths, youths who succeed—and fail—at demonstrating to the system that they are ready to change their lives. In our post-Ferguson era, Human Targets is essential reading.” From Publisher’s Website
|The Illegal Wildlife Trade: Inside the World of Poachers, Smugglers and Traders, by Daan P. van Uhm. Utrecht, NETH: Springer, 2016. 328p.
“In this book the author examines the illegal wildlife trade from multiple perspectives: the historical context, the impact on the environment, the scope of the problem internationally, the sociocultural demand for illegal products, the legal efforts to combat it, and several case studies from inside the trade. The illegal wildlife trade has become a global criminal enterprise, following in the footsteps of drugs and weapons. Beyond the environmental impact, financial profits from the illegal wildlife trade often fund organized crime groups and violent gangs that threaten public safety and security in myriad ways.
This innovative volume covers several key questions surrounding the wildlife trade: why is there a demand for illegal wildlife products, which actors are involved in the trade, how is the business organized, and what are the harmful consequences. The author performed ethnographic fieldwork in three key markets: Russia, Morocco, and China, and has constructed a detailed picture of how the wildlife trade operates in these areas.
Conversations with informants directly involved in the illegal business ensure unique insights into this lively black market. In the course of his journey the author follows the route of the illegal wildlife trade from poor poaching areas to rich business districts where corrupt officials, legally registered companies, wildlife farms and sophisticated criminal organizations all have a share. A fascinating look inside the world of poachers, smugglers and traders.” From Publisher’s Website.
|The Insanity Defense: Multidisciplinary Views on Its History, Trends, and Controversies, edited by Mark D. White. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger, 2017. 441p.
“How often is the defense of insanity or temporary insanity for accused criminals valid―or is it ever legitimate? This unique work presents multidisciplinary viewpoints that explain, support, and critique the insanity defense as it stands.
|In Search of Safety: Confronting Inequality in Women’s Imprisonment, by Barbara Owen, James Wells, and Joycelyn Pollock. Oakland, CA: University of California Press, 2017. 280p.
“In Search of Safety takes a close look at the sources of gendered violence and conflict in women’s prisons. The authors examine how intersectional inequalities and cumulative disadvantages are at the root of prison conflict and violence and mirror the women’s pathways to prison. Women must negotiate these inequities by developing forms of prison capital—social, human, cultural, emotional, and economic—to ensure their safety while inside. The authors also analyze how conflict and subsequent violence result from human-rights violations inside the prison that occur within the gendered context of substandard prison conditions, inequalities of capital among those imprisoned, and relationships with correctional staff. In Search of Safety proposes a way forward—the implementation of international human-rights standards for U.S. prisons.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Islamophobia: Lived Experiences of Online and Online Victimisation, by Irene Zempi and Imran Awan. Bristol, UK: Policy Press, 2016. 88p.
“Islamophobia examines the online and offline experiences of hate crime against Muslims, and the impact upon victims, their families and wider communities. Based on the first national hate crime study to examine the nature, extent and determinants of Muslim victims of hate crime in the virtual and physical worlds, it highlights the multidimensional relationship between online and offline anti-Muslim attacks, especially in a global context. It includes the voices of victims themselves which leads to a more nuanced understanding of anti-Muslim hate crime and prevention of future anti-Muslim hate crime as well as strategies for future prevention.” From Publisher’s Website.
|The Italian Antimafia, New Media, and the Culture of Legality, edited by Robin Pickering-Iazzi. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2017. 216p.
“The Italian Antimafia, New Media, and the Culture of Legality is the first book to examine the online battles between the mafia and its growing cohort of opponents. While the mafia’s supporters have used Internet technologies to expand its power, profits, and violence, antimafia citizens employ the same technologies to recreate Italian civil society.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Law and Morality at War, by Adil Ahmad Haque. Oxford, UK; New York: Oxford University Press, 2017. 350p.
“The laws are not silent in war, but what should they say? What is the moral function of the law of armed conflict? Should the law protect civilians who do not fight but help those who do? Should the law protect soldiers who perform non-combat functions or who may be safely captured? How certain should a soldier be that an individual is a combatant rather than a civilian before using lethal force? What risks should soldiers take on themselves to avoid harming civilians? When do inaccurate weapons become unlawfully indiscriminate? When does ‘collateral damage’ to civilians become unlawfully disproportionate? Should civilians lose their legal rights by serving, voluntarily or involuntarily, as human shields? Finally, when should killing civilians constitute a war crime? These are the questions that Law and Morality at War answers, contributing to a cutting-edge international debate. Drawing on the concepts and methods of contemporary moral and legal philosophy, the book develops a normative framework within which the laws of war and international criminal law can be evaluated, criticized, and reformed. While several philosophical works critically examine the moral status of civilians and combatants, this book fills a gap, offering both an account of the laws of war and war crimes, and proposing how the law could be improved from a moral point of view.” From Publisher’s Website
|Lawlemmas: In Search of Principled Choices in Law, Justice, and Life, by James R. Acker. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 2016. 328p.
“”Lawlemma,” a word not found in the dictionary, represents a union of’ ”law” and ”lemma.” Law requires no explanation, but the term ”lemma” is more obscure. It has a dual meaning: one (as in ”dilemma”) is a premise or proposition used in structuring an argument; the other is a special leaf surrounding the delicate flower of a grass plant.
This book offers a series of interrelated narrative essays that rely on fictional characters to confront readers with challenging issues of law and justice, issues that demand careful analysis and lend themselves to elegant, although disputable, resolution. It is intended especially for classes in which students explore the fundamental principles and value choices that are reflected in rules of law and their application, particularly criminal law, criminal procedure, and select constitutional issues including free speech and euthanasia.
The lively essays feature a college professor and his students as they interact and encounter several vexing ”lawlemmas” both inside and outside of the classroom. The volume promises to inspire reflection and evoke discussion while introducing students to issues and principles at the heart of law and justice.”
|LGBTQ Intimate Partner Violence: Lessons for Policy, Practice, and Research, by Adam M. Messinger. Oakland, CA: University of California Press, 2017. 328p.
“Nationally representative studies confirm that LGBTQ individuals are at an elevated risk of experiencing intimate partner violence. While many similarities exist between LGBTQ and heterosexual-cisgender intimate partner violence, research has illuminated a variety of unique aspects of LGBTQ intimate partner violence regarding the predictors of perpetration, the specific forms of abuse experienced, barriers to help-seeking for victims, and policy and intervention needs. This is the first book that systematically reviews the literature regarding LGBTQ intimate partner violence, draws key lessons for current practice and policy, and recommends research areas and enhanced methodologies.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Liberal Democracies and the Torture of Their Citizens, by Cynthia Banham. Oxford, UK: Bloomsbury/Hart, 2017. 234p.
“This book analyses and compares how the USA’s liberal allies responded to the use of torture against their citizens after 9/11. Did they resist, tolerate or support the Bush Administration’s policies concerning the mistreatment of detainees when their own citizens were implicated and what were the reasons for their actions? Australia, the UK and Canada are liberal democracies sharing similar political cultures, values and alliances with America; yet they behaved differently when their citizens, caught up in the War on Terror, were tortured. How states responded to citizens’ human rights claims and predicaments was shaped, in part, by demands for accountability placed on the executive government by domestic actors. This book argues that civil society actors, in particular, were influenced by nuanced differences in their national political and legal contexts that enabled or constrained human rights activism. It maps the conditions under which individuals and groups were more or less likely to become engaged when fellow citizens were tortured, focusing on national rights culture, the domestic legal and political human rights framework, and political opportunities.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Locked In: The True Causes of Mass Incarceration and How To Achieve Real Reform, by John F. Pfaff. New York: Basic Books, 2017. 272p.
“In the 1970s, the United States had an incarceration rate comparable to those of other liberal democracies–and that rate had held steady for over 100 years. Yet today, though the US is home to only about 5 percent of the world’s population, we hold nearly one quarter of its prisoners. Mass incarceration is now widely considered one of the biggest social and political crises of our age. How did we get to this point?
Locked In is a revelatory investigation into the root causes of mass incarceration by one of the most exciting scholars in the country. Having spent fifteen years studying the data on imprisonment, John Pfaff takes apart the reigning consensus created by Michelle Alexander and other reformers, revealing that the most widely accepted explanations–the failed War on Drugs, draconian sentencing laws, an increasing reliance on private prisons–tell us much less than we think. Pfaff urges us to look at other factors instead, including a major shift in prosecutor behavior that occurred in the mid-1990s, when prosecutors began bringing felony charges against arrestees about twice as often as they had before. He describes a fractured criminal justice system, in which counties don’t pay for the people they send to state prisons, and in which white suburbs set law and order agendas for more-heavily minority cities. And he shows that if we hope to significantly reduce prison populations, we have no choice but to think differently about how to deal with people convicted of violent crimes–and why some people are violent in the first place.
An authoritative, clear-eyed account of a national catastrophe, Locked In transforms our understanding of what ails the American system of punishment and ultimately forces us to reconsider how we can build a more equitable and humane society.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Locking Up Our Own, Crime and Punishment in Black America, By James Forman Jr. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2017. 320p.
“In recent years, America’s criminal justice system has become the subject of an increasingly urgent debate. Critics have assailed the rise of mass incarceration, emphasizing its disproportionate impact on people of color. As James Forman, Jr., points out, however, the war on crime that began in the 1970s was supported by many African American leaders in the nation’s urban centers. In Locking Up Our Own, he seeks to understand why.
Forman shows us that the first substantial cohort of black mayors, judges, and police chiefs took office amid a surge in crime and drug addiction. Many prominent black officials, including Washington, D.C. mayor Marion Barry and federal prosecutor Eric Holder, feared that the gains of the civil rights movement were being undermined by lawlessness―and thus embraced tough-on-crime measures, including longer sentences and aggressive police tactics. In the face of skyrocketing murder rates and the proliferation of open-air drug markets, they believed they had no choice. But the policies they adopted would have devastating consequences for residents of poor black neighborhoods.
A former D.C. public defender, Forman tells riveting stories of politicians, community activists, police officers, defendants, and crime victims. He writes with compassion about individuals trapped in terrible dilemmas―from the men and women he represented in court to officials struggling to respond to a public safety emergency. Locking Up Our Own enriches our understanding of why our society became so punitive and offers important lessons to anyone concerned about the future of race and the criminal justice system in this country.” From Publisher’s Website
|Race and Ethnicity in the Juvenile Justice System, by Tina L. Freiburger and Kareem L. Jordan. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 2016. 240p.
“Race and Ethnicity in the Juvenile Justice System provides a comprehensive empirical examination of the role of race and ethnicity in the juvenile court. Using empirical research as a foundation, the authors examine how race and ethnicity influence multiple decision points for youth entering the juvenile system, including arrest, referral, petition, pre-adjudication release, adjudication, and disposition. The authors ground the decision-making in a separate chapter that exclusively focuses on theories that can be used to explain the role of race and ethnicity in juvenile justice processing.
Additionally, there is an examination of how community factors differentially impact decision-making based on the race/ethnicity of youth, the role of race/ethnicity in the practice of transferring youth to adult court, and how race influences juveniles’ perceptions of police and the juvenile system. Also, the authors empirically examine the role of race/ethnicity on the processing of status offenders and how it influences female involvement in delinquency.
In framing all of these salient issues in the proper context, the authors provide a historical analysis of the role of race in development of the juvenile court system and how different races were treated both before and after the juvenile court s implementation. The underlying theme of the text is that all races/ethnicities of youth were not initially served by or meant to benefit from the juvenile court. Therefore, the continuing racial and ethnic disparities currently observed in the system can be traced to the pre-juvenile court era.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Race, Gangs, and Youth Violence: Policy, Prevention and Policing, By Anthony Gunter. Bristol, UK: Policy Press, 2017. 288p.
“This book aims to challenge current thinking about serious youth violence and gangs, and their racialisation by the media and the police. Written by an expert with over 14 years’ experience in the field, it brings together research, theory and practice to influence policy. Placing gangs and urban violence in a broader social and political economic context, it argues that government-led policy and associated funding for anti-gangs work is counter-productive. It highlights how the street gang label is unfairly linked by both the news-media and police to black (and urban) youth street-based lifestyles/cultures and friendship groups, leading to the further criminalisation of innocent black youth via police targeting. The book is primarily aimed at practitioners, policy makers, academics as well as those community-minded individuals concerned about youth violence and social justice.” From Publisher’s Website
|Radical Environmentalism: Nature, Identity and More-than-Human Agency,by John Cianchi.
New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015. 181p.“Radical Environmentalism: Nature, Identity and More-than-human Agency provides a unique account of environmentalism – one that highlights the voices of activists and the nature they defend. It will be of interest to both students and academics in green criminology, environmental sociology and nature-human studies more broadly.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Reinventing Punishment: A Comparative History of Criminology and Penology in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries, By, Michele Pifferi. Oxford, UK; New York: Oxford University Press, 2016. 336p.
“Providing a historical analysis of the impact of criminology on the rationale of punishment and the sentencing systems in Europe and the US between the 1870s and the 1930s, Reinventing Punishment: A Comparative History of Criminology and Penology in the 19th and 20th Century investigates and contrasts the rise of the principles of individualisation of punishment, social defence, preventive justice, and indeterminate sentencing.
The manner in which American and European jurisprudence enforced these ideas resulted in the emergence of two different penological identities: the American penal reform movement led to the adoption of the indeterminate sentence system, whereas the European criminological approach resulted in the formulation of the dual track system with punishment and measures of security. This theoretical divide, discussed at many international congresses and in studies of comparative criminal law, not only reflects two different ideas on the legitimacy and purpose of punishment, but also corresponds to two different constitutional views of criminal law. The book considers the relation between constitutional frameworks (rule of law and Rechtsstaat) and penological claims, explaining how some of the tenets of penal liberalism (such as principle of legality and separation of powers) were affected by penal modernism, even with the rise of authoritarian regimes. It examines the dilemmas provoked by criminology focusing on the role of the judge in the execution of sentences, the distribution of sentencing powers among judicial and administrative bodies, the balance between social security and individual guarantees, and the inconsistencies of preventive detention.
Filling a notable gap in Anglo-American literature by providing a sophisticated panoramic analysis of the development of criminology in late nineteenth and first half of the twentieth century Europe, Reinventing Punishment will be of interest to scholars of criminology, criminal law, and criminal justice studies, as well as legal historians and theorists.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Responding to Youth Violence through Youth Work, by Mike Seal and Pete Harris. Bristol, UK: Policy Press, 2016. 224p.
“Offers an ambitious comparative approach to the history of criminology and penology, contributing to the current debate on the common traits of European and US penology Interprets the relations between constitutional frameworks and the principle of individualization of punishment Analyses the legal, political, and theoretical arguments that have been used both against and in favor of preventive detention” From Publisher’s Website.
|Roots of African American Violence: Ethnocentrism, Cultural Diversity, and Racism, by Darnell F. Hawkins, Jerome B. McKean, Norman A. White, and Christine Martin. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishing, 2017. 267p.
“What explains the well-documented racial disparities in rates of homicide and other acts of criminal violence in the United States? Critically confronting the conventional narratives that purport to answer this question, the authors of Roots of African American Violence offer an alternative framework―one that acknowledges the often hidden cultural diversity and within-race ethnocentrism that exists in black communities. Their provocative work, drawing insights from criminology, criminal justice, anthropology, and sociology, is a seminal step in efforts to understand the intersection of race and violence.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Sentencing and Modern Reform: The Process of Punishment, by Liz Marie Marciniak. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 2016. 512p.
“Sentencing and Modern Reform: The Process of Punishment provides a comprehensive overview of sentencing strategies in the United States. The curious citizen and the criminal justice student will both find the book to be a cogent source of knowledge. The book highlights the diversity in approaches used by states and the federal system in sentencing offenders. It presents a historical background of sentencing practices in the United States and details the goals and structure of various modern reforms, including a summary of the Supreme Court’s scrutiny of sentencing reforms. An evaluation of whether the goals of reforms have been met is answered through a review of social science research, a consideration of monetary and social costs, and through interviews with professionals and a former federal inmate. The book also highlights recent calls to “reform the reforms” and describes how sentencing practices may be revised in the future” From Publisher’s Website.
|Seven Deadly Sins: Constitutional Rights and the Criminal Justice System, by David Lynch, Molly Sween, Mark Denniston, and Bruce Bayley. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 2016. 424p.
“This textbook brings a fresh approach to the study of constitutional criminal rights in the context of the American criminal justice system. It is intentionally written at a level suitable for an undergraduate. Seven Deadly Sins presents seven core constitutional virtues, introduced to the reader via their mirror opposites, which the authors call the “seven deadly constitutional sins” of the criminal justice system. These negative attributes or “sins” are: intolerance, subterfuge, intrusiveness, craftiness, favoritism, cruelty, and subservience to authority. Some of these negative attributes are housed entirely in one amendment to the constitution (e.g. cruelty) while others span several areas of the Bill of Rights (e.g., subservience to authority).
Each negative trait is presented in two companion chapters. The first of the two chapters introduces the negative trait (e.g., “intolerance”) and establishes its constitutional place via a presentation of various, appellate law decisions written in language suitable for an undergraduate student. The second, or companion, chapter then presents real world, non-legal “stories” from the field in the areas of policing and corrections that illustrate the trait using a more “hands on” approach.
It is this combination of true stories from the field coupled with conceptualizing constitutional rights in terms of their mirror opposites (including the grouping of several amendments at once when necessary) that makes this book unique and fresh.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Sex Work, Immigration and Social Difference, by Julie Ham. New York: Routledge, 2017. 188p.
“Many ‘migrant sex workers’ in Melbourne and Vancouver are in fact, naturalized citizens or permanent residents, whose involvement in the sex industry intersects with diverse ideas and experiences of citizenship in Australia and Canada. This book examines how immigrant, migrant and racialized sex workers in Vancouver and Melbourne wield or negotiate ideas of illegality and legality to obtain desired outcomes in their day-to-day work.
Sex work continues to be the subject of fierce debate in the public sphere, at the policy level, and within research discourses. This study interrogates these perceptions of the ‘migrant sex worker’ by presenting the lived realities of women who embody or experience dimensions of this category. This book is interdisciplinary and will appeal to those engaged in criminology, sociology, law, and women’s studies.” From Publisher’s Website.
|The Sexual Murderer: Offender Behavior and Implications for Practice, by Eric Beauregard and Melissa Martineau. London; New York: Routledge, 2016. 274p.
“Sexual homicide continues to be one of the most widely reported and sensationalized forms of murder, attracting fascination from the public and scholars alike. Despite this continued interest, few empirical studies have been conducted on this particular form of sexual crime. The Sexual Murderer provides an analytical review of the state of knowledge on the sexual murderer and his offense, and presents new data that confronts some of the accepted ideas and myths surrounding this type of homicide.
The authors draw on original data stemming from both offenders and the police to present an exhaustive and accurate picture of the sexual murderer and his offense, and compare the sex offenders who do kill with sex offenders who, despite being very violent, do not. Each chapter includes a section on the practical implications of the findings, and what the findings mean for professionals working with these cases and for the criminal justice system. This book explores themes including the role of fantasies, paraphilias, and personality; criminal career; context of the crime; journey to murder; modus operandi and crime scene; sex trade workers; avoiding detection; body disposal pathways; and whether we can predict sexual homicide occurrence.
This book is a comprehensive resource for academic and professionals involved in sexual homicide cases, such as psychologists, psychiatrists, investigators and profilers, as well as individuals working in the field of sexual violence. This book will also be of interest to students taking courses on homicide, sexual homicide, and serial homicide.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Shaming the Constitution: The Detrimental Results of Sexual Violent Predator Legislation, by Michael L. Perlin and Heather Ellis Cucolo. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 2017. 344p.
“Convicted sexually violent predators are more vilified, more subject to media misrepresentation, and more likely to be denied basic human rights than any other population. Shaming the Constitution authors Michael Perlin and Heather Cucolo question the intentions of sex offender laws, offering new approaches to this most complex (and controversial) area of law and social policy.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Sold People: Traffickers and Family Life in North China, by Johanna S. Ransmeier. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2017. 408p.
“For centuries, human trafficking had an ambiguous status in Chinese society. Prohibited in principle during the Qing period, it was nevertheless widely accepted as part of family life, despite the frequent involvement of criminals. In 1910, Qing reformers, hoping to usher China into the community of modern nations, officially abolished the trade. But police and other judicial officials found the new law extremely difficult to enforce. Industrialization, urbanization, and the development of modern transportation systems created a breeding ground for continued commerce in people. The Republican government that came to power after the 1911 revolution similarly struggled to root out the entrenched practice.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Sharing this Walk: An Ethnography of Prison Life and the PCC IN Brazil, by Karina Biondi. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2016. 222p.
“Karina Biondi’s bold ethnography . . . gives new meaning to the notion that anthropologists should work from wherever we find ourselves. . . . Biondi invites us to consider the real costs of extreme social inequality in Brazil which, alongside of the inhumanity of the criminal justice system and the de facto civil war between police and the marginal, prefigures circumstances in which an illicit, criminal organization is able to produce far more in the way of conflict management and public security than the official, ‘legitimate’ state.–Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Anthropology
Karina Biondi’s book has the potential to transform the field of political anthropology well beyond any continental boundary. Recasting standard anthropological paradigms of politics, power, and crime, it is ethnography of politics and political possibilities. It is also an engaging, even riveting, read. Despite the profound analyses it contains, it is written in such a clear style as to be perfectly accessible and appropriate as a key text for introductory or intermediate courses in anthropology, sociology, Latin American studies, and political science.–Magnus Course, University of Edinburgh” From Publisher’s Website.
|The State and the Body: Legal Regulation of Bodily Autonomy, by Elizabeth Wicks. Oxford, UK; Portland, OR: Bloomsbury/Hart, 2017. 179p.
“This book investigates the limits of the legitimate role of the state in regulating the human body. It questions whether there is a public interest in issues of bodily autonomy, with particular focus on reproductive choices, end of life choices, sexual autonomy, body modifications and selling the body. The main question addressed in this book is whether such autonomous choices about the human body are, and should be, subject to state regulation. Potential justifications for the state’s intervention into these issues through mechanisms such as the criminal law and regulatory schemes are evaluated. These include preventing harm to others and/or to the individual involved, as well as more abstract concepts such as public morality, the sanctity of human life, and the protection of human dignity. The State and the Body argues that the state should be particularly wary about encroaching upon exercises of autonomy by embodied selves and concludes that only interventions based upon Mill’s harm principle or, in tightly confined circumstances, the dignity of the human species as a whole should suffice to justify public intervention into private choices about the body.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Street Democracy: Vendors, Violence, and Public Space in Late Twentieth-Century Mexico, by Sandra C. Mendiola Garcia. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 2017. 376p.
“No visitor to Mexico can fail to recognize the omnipresence of street vendors, selling products ranging from fruits and vegetables to prepared food and clothes. The vendors compose a large part of the informal economy, which altogether represents at least 30 percent of Mexico’s economically active population. Neither taxed nor monitored by the government, is the informal sector the fastest growing economic sector in the world. In Street Democracy, Sandra C. Mendiola García explores the political lives and economic significance of this otherwise overlooked population, focusing on the radical street vendors during the 1970s and 1980s in Puebla, Mexico’s fourth-largest city. She shows how the Popular Union of Street Vendors challenged the ruling party’s ability to control unions and local authorities’ power to regulate the use of public space. Since vendors could not strike or stop production like workers in the formal economy, they devised innovative and alternative strategies to protect their right to make a living in public spaces. By examining the political activism and historical relationship of street vendors to the ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), Mendiola García offers insights into grassroots organizing, the Mexican Dirty War, and the politics of urban renewal, issues that remain at the core of street vendors’ experience even today.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Surveillance, Privacy and Trans-Atlantic Relations, edited by David D. Cole, Federico Fabbrini and Stephen Schulhofer. Oxford, UK; Portland, OR: Hart/Bloomsbury, 2017. 248p.
“Recent revelations, by Edward Snowden and others, of the vast network of government spying enabled by modern technology have raised major concerns both in the European Union and the United States on how to protect privacy in the face of increasing governmental surveillance.
This book brings together some of the leading experts in the fields of constitutional law, criminal law and human rights from the US and the EU to examine the protection of privacy in the digital era, as well as the challenges that counter-terrorism cooperation between governments pose to human rights. It examines the state of privacy protections on both sides of the Atlantic, the best mechanisms for preserving privacy, and whether the EU and the US should develop joint transnational mechanisms to protect privacy on a reciprocal basis.
As technology enables governments to know more and more about their citizens, and about the citizens of other nations, this volume offers critical perspectives on how best to respond to one of the most challenging developments of the twenty-first century.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Taking Care of Business: Police Detectives, Drug Law Enforcement and Proactive Investigation, by Matthew Bacon. Oxford, UK; New York: Oxford University Press, 2016. 352p.
“Taking Care of Business: Police Detectives, Drug Law Enforcement and Proactive Investigation offers a rich and insightful empirical study of drug investigations, based on extensive fieldwork undertaken with the specialist detective units of two English police services. It fills a significant gap in criminological literature by providing a timely and thought-provoking ethnography of detective culture, investigative practice, and drug law enforcement.
Drawing on data collected from over five hundred hours of direct observation of ordinary police work, both on and off the streets, the chapters are skillfully interwoven with field notes, informal conversations, interviews and analysis of official documents. Taken together, they explore how police officers perceive the drug world and their role in it, translate policy from its written form into action, and utilize intelligence-led policing strategies to instigate covert operations and make cases. There is in-depth examination of the everyday realities of the ‘war on drugs’, alongside the associated working rules, tacit understandings and underlying assumptions that operate behind the public face of police organizations. The book also critically examines the most pertinent legislative initiatives, organizational reforms, and shifts in thinking concerning the values, objectives and norms of policing that have occurred over recent decades, which, between them, have contributed to significant changes in the ways that detectives are trained and investigations are controlled and carried out.
With highly salient insights regarding operational policing and drug control policy in the current social, economic and political climate, Taking Care of Business is a compelling and important work on contemporary criminal investigation and the policing of drugs. It will be of interest to scholars of criminology, sociology, law, and policy studies, especially those researching and studying policing, regulation, surveillance, drug control policy and the informal economy, as well as policymakers, police practitioners, and criminal justice professionals.” From Publisher’s Website.
|A Transnational Study of Law and Justice on TV, edited by Peter Robson and Jennifer L. Schulz. Oxford, UK: Hart/Bloomsbury, 2016. 316p.
“This collection examines the coverage of law and justice on television in different countries around the world. It provides a benchmark for further study of the nature and extent of television coverage of justice in fictional, reality, and documentary forms. It does this by drawing on empirical work from a range of scholars in different jurisdictions. Each chapter looks at the raw data of how much “justice” material viewers were able to access in the multi-channel world of 2014 during three phases: apprehension (police); adjudication (lawyers), and disposition (prison/punishment). The authors discuss how television has developed in their countries. Some have extensive public service channels mixed with private media channels, with financing ranging from advertising, to program sponsorship, to licensing arrangements. Some countries have mixtures of these. Each author also examines how “TV justice” has developed in each different jurisdiction. Readers will find interesting variations and some thought-provoking similarities. There are a lot of television shows focused on legal themes that are imported around the world, which the authors analyze as well. This book is a must-read for anyone interested in law, popular culture, TV, or justice, and it provides an important addition to the literature due to its grounding in empirical data.” From Publisher’s Website.
|The Truth About Crime: Sovereignty, Knowledge, Social Order, by Jean Comaroff and John L. Comaroff. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2016. 336p.
“This new book by the well-known anthropologists Jean and John L. Comaroff explores the global preoccupation with criminality in the early twenty-first century, a preoccupation strikingly disproportionate, in most places and for most people, to the risks posed by lawlessness to the conduct of everyday life. Ours in an epoch in which law-making, law-breaking, and law-enforcement are ever more critical registers in which societies construct, contest, and confront truths about themselves, an epoch in which criminology, broadly defined, has displaced sociology as the privileged means by which the social world knows itself. They also argue that as the result of a tectonic shift in the triangulation of capital, the state, and governance, the meanings attached to crime and, with it, the nature of policing, have undergone significant change; also, that there has been a palpable muddying of the lines between legality and illegality, between corruption and conventional business; even between crime-and-policing, which exist, nowadays, in ever greater, hyphenated complicity. Thinking through Crime and Policing is, therefore, an excursion into the contemporary Order of Things; or, rather, into the metaphysic of disorder that saturates the late modern world, indeed, has become its leitmotif. It is also a meditation on sovereignty and citizenship, on civility, class, and race, on the law and its transgression, on the political economy of representation. In this book, renowned anthropologists Jean and John L. Comaroff make a startling but absolutely convincing claim about our modern era: it is not by our arts, our politics, or our science that we understand ourselves–it is by our crimes. Surveying an astonishing range of forms of crime and policing–from petty thefts to the multibillion-dollar scams of too-big-to-fail financial institutions to the collateral damage of war–they take readers into the disorder of the late modern world. Looking at recent transformations in the triangulation of capital, the state, and governance that have led to an era where crime and policing are ever more complicit, they offer a powerful meditation on the new forms of sovereignty, citizenship, class, race, law, and political economy of representation that have arisen. To do so, the Comaroffs draw on their vast knowledge of South Africa, especially, and its struggle to build a democracy founded on the rule of law out of the wreckage of long years of violence and oppression. There they explore everything from the fascination with the supernatural in policing to the extreme measures people take to prevent home invasion, drawing illuminating comparisons to the United States and United Kingdom. Going beyond South Africa, they offer a global criminal anthropology that attests to criminality as the constitutive fact of contemporary life, the vernacular by which politics are conducted, moral panics voiced, and populations ruled. The result is a disturbing but necessary portrait of the modern era, one that asks critical new questions about how we see ourselves, how we think about morality, and how we are going to proceed as a global society.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Understanding the Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs: International Perspectives, edited by Andy Bain and Mark Lauchs. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 2017. 184p.
“The Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs (OMCGs) are, without doubt, one of the most interesting, diverse, eclectic, social groups in society today. They are considered outsiders, deviants, and more often than not they are seen as criminally organized. Yet we know so little about them, their structure, organization, and their ethos. Still, society legislates, monitors, and controls, in an effort to police the behaviors we know so little about.
In this new and extremely informative text, Bain and Lauchs bring together a number of subject experts from around the world in an effort to explain the development, growth, and global expansion of the Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs. For the first time, this text brings together discussions of the OMCGs from Canada, the United States, South and Central America, Europe, Australia and New Zealand.
This text should be compulsory reading for anyone interested in the examination or investigation of this group in society today. It is particularly valuable to criminal justice students, those studying social groups, gangs and organizations, or the sociology of deviance. However, it is also just as relevant for professionals working within the criminal justice and/or legislative field.” From Publisher’s Website.
|The War on Sex, edited by David M. Halperin and Trevor Hoppe. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2017. 512p.
“The past fifty years are conventionally understood to have witnessed an uninterrupted expansion of sexual rights and liberties in the United States. This state-of-the-art collection tells a different story: while progress has been made in marriage equality, reproductive rights, access to birth control, and other areas, government and civil society are waging a war on stigmatized sex by means of law, surveillance, and social control. The contributors document the history and operation of sex offender registries and the criminalization of HIV, as well as highly punitive measures against sex work that do more to harm women than to combat human trafficking. They reveal that sex crimes are punished more harshly than other crimes, while new legal and administrative regulations drastically restrict who is permitted to have sex. By examining how the ever-intensifying war on sex affects both privileged and marginalized communities, the essays collected here show why sexual liberation is indispensable to social justice and human rights.” From Publisher’s Website.
|When Police Kill, by Franklin E. Zimring. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2017. 320p.
“Deaths of civilians at the hands of on-duty police are in the national spotlight as never before. How many killings by police occur annually? What circumstances provoke police to shoot to kill? Who dies? The lack of answers to these basic questions points to a crisis in American government that urgently requires the attention of policy experts. When Police Kill is a groundbreaking analysis of the use of lethal force by police in the United States and how its death toll can be reduced.
Franklin Zimring compiles data from federal records, crowd sourced research, and investigative journalism to provide a comprehensive, fact-based picture of how, when, where, and why police resort to deadly force. Of the 1,100 killings by police in the United States in 2015, he shows, 85 percent were fatal shootings and 95 percent of victims were male. The death rates for African Americans and Native Americans are twice their share of the population.
Civilian deaths from shootings and other police actions are vastly higher in the United States than in other developed nations, but American police also confront an unusually high risk of fatal assault. Zimring offers policy prescriptions for how federal, state, and local governments can reduce killings by police without risking the lives of officers. Criminal prosecution of police officers involved in killings is rare and only necessary in extreme cases. But clear administrative rules could save hundreds of lives without endangering police officers.” From Publisher’s Website.
|When Riot Cops Are Not Enough: The Policing and Repression of Occupy Oakland, by Mike King. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2017. 192p.
“In When Riot Cops Are Not Enough, sociologist and activist Mike King examines the policing, and broader political repression, of the Occupy Oakland movement during the fall of 2011 through the spring of 2012. King’s active and daily participation in that movement, from its inception through its demise, provides a unique insider perspective to illustrate how the Oakland police and city administrators lost the ability to effectively control the movement.
Drawn from King’s intensive field work, the book focuses on the physical, legal, political, and ideological dimensions of repression—in the streets, in courtrooms, in the media, in city hall, and within the movement itself—When Riot Cops Are Not Enough highlights the central role of political legitimacy, both for mass movements seeking to create social change, as well as for governmental forces seeking to control such movements. Although Occupy Oakland was different from other Occupy sites in many respects, King shows how the contradictions it illuminated within both social movement and police strategies provide deep insights into the nature of protest policing generally, and a clear map to understanding the full range of social control techniques used in North America in the twenty-first century.” From Publisher’s Website
|While the City Sleeps: A History of Pistoleros, Policemen, and the Crime Beat in Buenos Aires before Perón, by Lila Caimari. Oakland, CA: University of California Press, 2016. 248p.
“While the City Sleeps is an extraordinary work of scholarship from one of Argentina’s leading historians of modern Buenos Aires society and culture. In the late nineteenth century, the city saw a massive population boom and large-scale urban development. With these changes came rampant crime, a chaotic environment in the streets, and intense class conflict. In response, the state expanded institutions that were intended to bring about social order and control. Lila Caimari mines both police records and true crime reporting to bring to life the underworld pistoleros, the policemen who fought them, and the crime journalists who brought the conflicts to light. In the process, she crafts a new portrait of the rise of one of the world’s greatest cities.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Wisconsin Sentencing in the Tough-On-Crime Era: How Judges Retained Power and Why Mass Incarceration Happened Anyway, by Michael O’Hear. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 2017. 288p.
“The dramatic increase in U.S. prison populations since the 1970s is often blamed on the mandatory sentencing required by “three strikes” laws and other punitive crime bills. Michael O’Hear shows that the blame is actually not so easily assigned. His meticulous analysis of incarceration in Wisconsin—a state where judges have considerable discretion in sentencing—explores the reasons why the prison population has ballooned nearly tenfold over the past forty years.
O’Hear tracks the effects of sentencing laws and politics in Wisconsin from the eve of the imprisonment boom in 1970 up to the 2010s. Drawing on archival research, original public-opinion polling, and interviews with dozens of key policymakers, he reveals important dimensions that have been missed by others. He draws out lessons from the Wisconsin experience for the United States as a whole, where mass incarceration has cost taxpayers billions of dollars and caused untold misery to millions of inmates and their families.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Women of the Street: How the Criminal Justice-Social Services Alliance Fails Women in Prostitution, by Susan Dewey and Tonia St. Germain. New York: New York University Press, 2017. 288p.
“Working together every day, the lives of sex workers, police officers, public defenders, and social service providers are profoundly intertwined, yet their relationships are often adversarial and rooted in fundamentally false assumptions. The criminal justice-social services alliance operates on the general belief that the women they police and otherwise regulate choose sex work as a result of traumatization, rather than acknowledging the fact that socioeconomic realities often inform their choices.
Drawing on extraordinarily rich ethnographic research, including interviews with over one hundred street-involved women and dozens of criminal justice and social service professionals, Women of the Street argues that despite the intimate knowledge these groups have about each other, measures designed to help these women consistently fail because they do not take into account false assumptions about street life, homelessness, drug use and sex trading. Reaching beyond disciplinary silos by combining the analysis of an anthropologist and a legal scholar, the book offers an evidence-based argument for the decriminalization of prostitution.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Wrongful Convictions and the DNA Revolution, Twenty-Five Years of Freeing the Innocent, edited by Daniel S. Medwed. Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2017. 407p.
“For centuries, most people believed the criminal justice system worked – that only guilty defendants were convicted. DNA technology shattered that belief. DNA has now freed more than three hundred innocent prisoners in the United States. This book examines the lessons learned from twenty-five years of DNA exonerations and identifies lingering challenges. By studying the dataset of DNA exonerations, we know that precise factors lead to wrongful convictions. These include eyewitness misidentifications, false confessions, dishonest informants, poor defense lawyering, weak forensic evidence, and prosecutorial misconduct. In Part I, scholars discuss the efforts of the Innocence Movement over the past quarter century to expose the phenomenon of wrongful convictions and to implement lasting reforms. In Part II, another set of researchers looks ahead and evaluates what still needs to be done to realize the ideal of a more accurate system.” From Publisher’s Website.