Listed below are books received for review over the last two months. Entries include publishing information as well as a description of the book. Unless otherwise stated, the book description is taken from the publisher’s website or the book jacket. Selected titles from this list will be chosen for a full review in forthcoming issues of Criminal Law and Criminal Justice Books. Previous books received are available from the links below.
|Accountability by Camera: Online Video’s Effects on Police-Civilian Interactions, by Douglas A. Kelly. El Paso, TX: LFB Scholarly Publishing, 2014. 300p.
“Online video can bypass police jurisdictional influence over traditional mass media and may be affecting police-civilian interactions in American public space as the initial cusp of a paradigm shift. Where a camera may have video-recorded police actions, exclusive police custody of that camera or its recording correlates with the video being lost, destroyed, reported as nonexistent, or concealed from the public. Where police destroy, falsify, fail to file, or omit data from required documentation, online video correlates with improved accountability through police disciplinary actions. Online video correlates with significantly higher civil suit settlements for police misconduct.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Adolescence, Discrimination, and the Law: Address Dramatic Shifts in Equality Jurisprudence, by Roger J.R. Levesque. New York: New York University Press, 2015. 304p.
“In the wake of the civil rights movement, the legal system dramatically changed its response to discrimination based on race, gender, and other characteristics. It is now showing signs of yet another dramatic shift, as it moves from considering difference to focusing on neutrality. Rather than seeking to counter subjugation through special protections for groups that have been historically (and currently) disadvantaged, the Court now adopts a “colorblind” approach. Equality now means treating everyone the same way.
This book explores these shifts and the research used to support civil rights claims, particularly relating to minority youths’ rights to equal treatment. It integrates developmental theory with work on legal equality and discrimination, showing both how the legal system can benefit from new research on development and how the legal system itself can work to address invidious discrimination given its significant influence on adolescents—especially those who are racial minorities—at a key stage in their developmental life.
Adolescents, Discrimination, and the Law articulates the need to address discrimination by recognizing and enlisting the law’s inculcative powers in multiple sites subject to legal regulation, ranging from families, schools, health and justice systems to religious and community groups. The legal system may champion ideals of neutrality in the goals it sets itself for treating individuals, but it cannot remain neutral in the values it supports and imparts. This volume shows that despite the shift to a focus on neutrality, the Court can and should effectively foster values supporting equality, especially among youth.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Advances in Research on Illicit Networks, ed. by Martin Bouchard. Abingdon, Oxon, UK: Routledge, 2015. 200p.
“Social network analysis finally reached a critical mass of scholars in the field of criminology. The proven track record of network theory and methods in fostering new advances in our understanding of crimes and criminals has extended the web of researchers willing to integrate this approach to their work. It is more than just a fad – once you adopt a network approach, it almost inevitably becomes the main lens through which you see crime. The insights learned from analysing matrices of relations among offenders, from exploiting the interdependence among actors instead of finding ways to avoid it are simply too great to ignore. This book provides a state of the art assessment into network research currently being conducted in criminology and beyond, pushing the field further in multiple ways. A series of contributions tackle themes and offending types that had yet to be previously empirically investigated, including political conspiracies, steroid distribution, methamphetamine production, illicit marketplaces on the Internet, and small arms trafficking. Advances are also found in the data sources used to extract illicit networks, and the methods used to analyse them.“ From Publisher’s Website.
|At the Cross: Race, Religion, and Citizenship in the Politics of the Death Penalty, by Melynda J. Price. Oxford, UK; New York: Oxford University Press, 2015. 232p.
“Curing systemic inequalities in the criminal justice system is the unfinished business of the Civil Rights movement. No part of that system highlights this truth more than the current implementation of the death penalty. At the Cross tells a story of the relationship between the death penalty and race in American politics that complicates the common belief that individual African Americans, especially poor African Americans, are more subject to the death penalty in criminal cases. The current death penalty regime operates quite differently than it did in the past. The findings of this research demonstrate the the racial inequity in the meting out of death sentences has legal and political externalities that move beyond individual defendants to larger numbers of African Americans.
At the Cross looks at the meaning of the death penalty to and for African Americans by using various sites of analysis. Using various sites of analysis, Price shows the connection between criminal justice policies like the death penalty and the political and legal rights of African Americans who are tangentially connected to the criminal justice system through familial and social networks. Drawing on black politics, legal and political theory and narrative analysis, Price utilizes a mixed-method approach that incorporates analysis of media reports, capital jury selection and survey data, as well as original focus group data. As the rates of incarceration trend upward, Black politics scholars have focused on the impact of incarceration on the voting strength of the black community. Local, and even regional, narratives of African American politics and the death penalty expose the fractures in American democracy that foment perceptions of exclusion among blacks.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Benefit Analysis in Criminal Justice: An Example Application to a Statewide Drug Treatment System, by Peter A. Collins. El Paso, TX: LFB Scholarly Publishing, 2014. 186p.
“Collins employed cost-benefit methods to estimate the economic costs and benefits associated with the provision of substance abuse treatment in Idaho. To lend context to the cost-benefit findings, his work illustrated utilizes theoretical concepts from the fields of public policy and criminal justice/criminology. Specifically, he details the impact that the network, collaborative capacity, and wicked problem concepts have on the criminal justice and substance abuse treatment fields. His findings indicate a positive relationship between collaborative capacity and social support and an inverse relationship between increased social support and costs associated with criminal activity â€“ namely, activities related to illegal substance use and abuse.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Beyond Deportation: The Role of Prosecutorial Discretion in Immigration Cases, by Shoba Sivaprasad Wadhia. New York: New York University Press, 2015. 240p.
“When Beatles star John Lennon faced deportation from the U.S. in the 1970s, his lawyer Leon Wildes made a groundbreaking argument. He argued that Lennon should be granted “nonpriority” status pursuant to INS’s (now DHS’s) policy of prosecutorial discretion. In U.S. immigration law, the agency exercises prosecutorial discretion favorably when it refrains from enforcing the full scope of immigration law. A prosecutorial discretion grant is important to an agency seeking to focus its priorities on the “truly dangerous” in order to conserve resources and to bring compassion into immigration enforcement. The Lennon case marked the first moment that the immigration agency’s prosecutorial discretion policy became public knowledge. Today, the concept of prosecutorial discretion is more widely known in light of the Obama Administration’s Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals or DACA program, a record number of deportations and a stalemate in Congress to move immigration reform.
Beyond Deportation is the first book to comprehensively describe the history, theory, and application of prosecutorial discretion in immigration law. It provides a rich history of the role of prosecutorial discretion in the immigration system and unveils the powerful role it plays in protecting individuals from deportation and saving the government resources. Shoba Sivaprasad Wadhia draws on her years of experience as an immigration attorney, policy leader, and law professor to advocate for a bolder standard on prosecutorial discretion, greater mechanisms for accountability when such standards are ignored, improved transparency about the cases involving prosecutorial discretion, and recognition of “deferred action” in the law as a formal benefit.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Blood Runs Green: The Murder that Transfixed Gilded Age Chicago, by Gillian O’Brien. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2015. 320p.
“It was the biggest funeral Chicago had seen since Lincoln’s. On May 26, 1889, four thousand mourners proceeded down Michigan Avenue, followed by a crowd forty thousand strong, in a howl of protest at what commentators called one of the ghastliest and most curious crimes in civilized history. The dead man, Dr. P. H. Cronin, was a respected Irish physician, but his brutal murder uncovered a web of intrigue, secrecy, and corruption that stretched across the United States and far beyond.
Blood Runs Green tells the story of Cronin’s murder from the police investigation to the trial. It is a story of hotheaded journalists in pursuit of sensational crimes, of a bungling police force riddled with informers and spies, and of a secret revolutionary society determined to free Ireland but succeeding only in tearing itself apart. It is also the story of a booming immigrant population clamoring for power at a time of unprecedented change.
From backrooms to courtrooms, historian Gillian O’Brien deftly navigates the complexities of Irish Chicago, bringing to life a rich cast of characters and tracing the spectacular rise and fall of the secret Irish American society Clan na Gael. She draws on real-life accounts and sources from the United States, Ireland, and Britain to cast new light on Clan na Gael and reveal how Irish republicanism swept across the United States. Destined to be a true crime classic, Blood Runs Green is an enthralling tale of a murder that captivated the world and reverberated through society long after the coffin closed” From Publisher’s Website.
|Capital Punishment in the U.S. States: Executing Social Inequality, by Sarah N. Archibald. El Paso, TX: LFB Scholarly Publishing, 2015. 272p.
“Archibald attempts to find variables that can explain the variation not only in the adoption of the death penalty, but also in the implementation of capital punishment. She combines Kingdon’s Garbage Can model and Social Control Theory to explain the differences in the adoption and implementation of the death penalty. Given that there was only one model that showed a correlation between the adoption and implementation of the death penalty and homicide rates, while other variables, such as race and hate crimes, were correlated across multiple models, one could argue that the death penalty is used as a means of social control. Her results also bolster the argument that state policies are not merely reactions to murder rates, but are influenced by other sociological, political, and economic factors.” From Publisher’s Website.
|The Chinese Heroin Trade: Cross-Border Drug Trafficking in Southeast Asia & Beyond, by Ko-lin Chin and Sheldon X. Zhang. New York: New York University Press, 2015. 320p.
“In a country long associated with the trade in opiates, the Chinese government has for decades applied extreme measures to curtail the spread of illicit drugs, only to find that the problem has worsened. Burma is blamed as the major producer of illicit drugs and conduit for the entry of drugs into China. Which organizations are behind the heroin trade? What problems and prospects of drug control in the so-called “Golden Triangle” drug-trafficking region are faced by Chinese and Southeast Asian authorities?
In The Chinese Heroin Trade, noted criminologists Ko-Lin Chin and Sheldon Zhangexamine the social organization of the trafficking of heroin from the Golden Triangle to China and the wholesale and retail distribution of the drug in China. Based on face-to-face interviews with hundreds of incarcerated drug traffickers, street-level drug dealers, users, and authorities, paired with extensive fieldwork in the border areas of Burma and China and several major urban centers in China and Southeast Asia, this volume reveals how the drug trade has evolved in the Golden Triangle since the late 1980s. Chin and Zhang also explore the marked characteristics of heroin traffickers; the relationship between drug use and sales in China; and how China compares to other international drug markets. The Chinese Heroin Trade is a fascinating, nuanced account of the world of high-risk drug trafficking in a tightly-controlled society.” From Publisher’s Website.
|The Common Language of Homicide and Suicide: Evidence of the Value of Durkheim’s Typologies, by J. Michael Bozeman. El Paso, TX: LFB Scholarly Publishing, 2014. 310p.
“Bozeman’s work appeals to sociologists, criminologists, psychiatrists and forensic linguists. His thesis is three-fold: to explore emergent themes in suicides and murder confessions, to determine whether Durkheim’s suicide typologies might also be applicable to homicide (heretofore untested), and to expand upon the “forces of production” and “forces of direction” in the stream analogy of overall violence to include the coincident rise of both forces in what the author refers to as the stream-flood analogy. Findings support the integrated approach to the study of suicide and homicide. The most exciting revelation in the book is that evidence of the value of Durkheim’s suicide typologies were, in fact, present in the language of homicide offenders.” From Publisher’s Website.
|The Corporate Criminal: Why Corporations Must be Abolished, by Steve Tombs and David Whyte. Abingdon, Oxon, UK: Routledge, 2015. 216p.
“Drawing upon a wide range of sources of empirical evidence, historical analysis and theoretical argument, this book shows beyond any doubt that the private, profit-making, corporation is a habitual and routine offender. The book dissects the myth that the corporation can be a rational, responsible, ‘citizen’. It shows how in its present form, the corporation is permitted, licensed and encouraged to systematically kill, maim and steal for profit. Corporations are constructed through law and politics in ways that impel them to cause harm to people and the environment. In other words, criminality is part of the DNA of the modern corporation. Therefore, the authors argue, the corporation cannot be easily reformed. The only feasible solution to this ‘crime’ problem is to abolish the legal and political privileges that enable the corporation to act with impunity.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Crime, Inequality, and Power, by Eileen B. Leonard. Abingdon, Oxon, UK: Routledge, 2015. 382p.
“Crime, Inequality and Power challenges the dominant definitions of crime and the criminal through its uniquely comparative approach. In this book Eileen Leonard analyzes multiple forms of criminal behavior in the United States, including violence, sexual assault, theft, and drug law violations, whilst also asking readers to consider the parallels between crimes that are rarely thought comparable. Leonard’s juxtaposition of familiar street crimes, such as car theft, alongside large-scale corporate theft, vividly exposes profound inequalities in the way crime is defined, and the treatment it receives within the criminal justice system.
Leonard’s analysis also reveals the underlying inequalities of race, class, and gender which enable the perpetuation of such crimes, as well as calling into question the reality of fundamental American ideals of fairness and equal justice. Moreover, the book questions whether current policies that punish street crime excessively while minimizing the crimes of the powerful, fail to keep the public safe. A broader consideration of crime, and the inequalities that underlie it, offers a fresh opportunity to rethink public policies and enduring issues of crime and criminal justice.
Challenging the many persistent inequalities in the perception of and response to crime, this critique of American crime and punishment will be of interest to undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as scholars, in the fields of criminology, sociology and law.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Crime Victimization: A Comprehensive Overview, by Elizabeth Quinn and Sara Brightman. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 2015. 324p.
“Crime Victimization: A Comprehensive Overview provides students with a broad picture of the work done to draw attention to crime victims and the overall effects of victimization, including victim needs for recovery from crime. This text explores victimization at the street crime level, but also delves into less commonly discussed types of victimization including state and corporate crime, hate crime, cybercrime, environmental crime, and workplace violence.
This text addresses the full spectrum of victimization from “victimless” crimes to repeat victimizations and provides students with an understanding of why victimization occurs, how victims deal with the aftereffects, what services are available to victims, and how professionals in the criminal justice, medical, religious, and therapeutic fields can both help and hinder victims’ journeys toward recovery. The evolution of the victims’ rights movement, along with the development of national victim service organizations, important pieces of legislation, and international victimological associations are presented to provide students with an idea of the work that practitioners, activists, and researchers have done to both improve services to and enhance our understanding of crime victims overall.
Crime Victimization provides a global understanding of victimization to highlight the impact of the crime phenomenon on the overall human condition. Additionally, students are introduced to burgeoning developments in the victim services field along with profiles of victimologists, victims’ rights activities, and victim service providers to help them identify the impact they can have on the field of victimology and on individual crime victims in their chosen fields.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Crimes of Terror: The Legal and Political Implications of Federal Terrorism Prosecutions, by Wadie E. Said. Oxford, UK; New York: Oxford University Press, 2015. 224p.
“The U.S. government’s power to categorize individuals as terrorist suspects and therefore ineligible for certain long-standing constitutional protections has expanded exponentially since 9/11, all the while remaining resistant to oversight. Crimes of Terror: The Legal and Political Implications of Federal Terrorism Prosecutions provides a comprehensive and uniquely up-to-date dissection of the government’s advantages over suspects in criminal prosecutions of terrorism, which are driven by a preventive mindset that purports to stop plots before they can come to fruition. It establishes the background for these controversial policies and practices and then demonstrates how they have impeded the normal goals of criminal prosecution, even in light of a competing military tribunal model. Proceeding in a linear manner from the investigatory stage of a prosecution on through to sentencing, the book documents the emergence of a “terrorist exceptionalism” to normal rules of criminal law and procedure and questions whether the government has overstated the threat posed by the individuals it charges with these crimes. Included is a discussion of the large-scale spying and use of informants rooted in the questionable “radicalization” theory; the material support statute–the government’s chief legal tool in bringing criminal prosecutions; the new rules regarding generation of evidence and the broad construction of that evidence as relevant at trial; and a look at the special sentencing and confinement regimes for those convicted of terrorist crimes. In this critical examination of terrorism prosecutions in federal court, Professor Said reveals a phenomenon at odds with basic constitutional protections for criminal defendants.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Criminal Injustice: How Politics and Ideology Distort American Ideals, by Matthew B. Robinson. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 2015. 256p.
“Criminal Injustice examines the influence of politics and ideology on criminal justice practice. Politics refers to governing decisions about how to deal with social problems and distribute resources in society, and ideology means the beliefs and values that guide political decisions and underlie our societal institutions. The book clearly illustrates that criminal justice practice is directly and meaningfully impacted by politics and ideology, beginning with law-making. The main argument of Criminal Injustice is that politics and ideology distort America’s ideal goals of crime control and due process, oftentimes resulting in ineffective and unfair criminal justice policies. That is, politics and ideology distort the ideals of Americans found in the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution.
In the book, the author demonstrates how this is true, and he argues that the main problem with criminal justice practice is that it does not target the most harmful acts in America: instead it focuses heavily on a handful of harmful acts committed by certain groups of people under certain circumstances. This occurs because of who makes the law and who pays for it; these people create laws and policies that benefit them and their financial backers rather than “the people” more generally. Further, media coverage of crime and criminal justice reinforces myths of crime (including who is dangerous and who is not), which helps maintain the focus of criminal justice agencies on street crime rather than on other forms of harmful behavior that actually cause far more damage to society. “ From Publisher’s Website.
|Criminal Justice at the Crossroads: Transforming Crime and Punishment, by William R. Kelly. New York: Columbia University Press, 2015. 424p.
“Over the past forty years, the criminal justice system in the United States has engaged in a very expensive policy failure, attempting to punish its way to public safety, with dismal results. So-called “tough on crime” policies have not only failed to effectively reduce crime, recidivism, and victimization but also created an incredibly inefficient system that routinely fails the public, taxpayers, crime victims, criminal offenders, their families, and their communities.
Strategies that focus on behavior change are much more productive and cost effective for reducing crime than punishment, and in this book, William R. Kelly discusses the policy, process, and funding innovations and priorities that the United States needs to effectively reduce crime, recidivism, victimization, and cost. He recommends proactive, evidence-based interventions to address criminogenic behavior; collaborative decision making from a variety of professions and disciplines; and a focus on innovative alternatives to incarceration, such as problem-solving courts and probation. Students, professionals, and policy makers alike will find in this comprehensive text a bracing discussion of how our criminal justice system became broken and the best strategies by which to fix it.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Criminal Markets and Mafia Proceeds, ed. by Ernesto U. Savona and Francesco Calderoni. Abingdon, Oxon, UK: Routledge, 2015. 168p.
“This book estimates the proceeds of crime and mafia revenues for different criminal markets such as sexual exploitation, drugs, illicit cigarettes, loan sharking, extortion racketeering, counterfeiting, illicit firearms, illegal gambling and illicit waste management. It is the first time that scholars have adopted detailed methodologies to ensure the highest reliability and validity of the estimation. Overall, estimated proceeds of crime amount to € 22.8 billion: 1.5% of the Italian GDP. Of this, up to € 10.7 billion (0.7 of the GDP) may be attributable to the Italian mafias. These figures are considerably lower than the ones most frequently circulated on the news, without any details about their methodology, which were defined by a UN study as “gross overestimates”. Far from underestimating criminal revenues, the results of this study bring the issue of the proceeds of crime to an empirically-based debate, providing support for improved future estimates and more effective policies.
The volume’s contributions were inspired by a project awarded by the Italian Ministry of Interior to Transcrime, which produced the first report on mafia investments (www.investimentioc.it).
This book was originally published as a special issue of Global Crime.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Criminality and Criminal Justice in Contemporary Poland: Sociopolitical Perspectives, by Konrad Buczkowski, Beata Czarnecka-Dzialuk, Witold Klaus, Anna Kossowska, Irena Rzeplińska, Paulina Wiktorska, Dagmara Woźniakowska-Fajst, and Dobrochna Wójcik. Farnham, Surrey, UK: Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2015. 208p.
“Criminality has accompanied social life from the outset. It has appeared at every stage of the development of every community, regardless of organisation, form of government or period in history. This work presents the views of criminologists from Central Europe on the phenomenon of criminality as a component of social and political reality. Despite the far advanced homogenisation of culture and the coming together of the countries that make up the European Union, criminality is not easily captured by statistics and simple comparisons. There can be huge variation not only on crime reporting systems and information on convicts but also on definitions of the same crimes and their formulations in the criminal codes of the individual European countries.
This book fills a gap in the English-language criminological literature on the causes and determinants of criminality in Central Europe. Poland, as the largest country in the region, whose political post-war path has been similar to the other countries in this part of Europe, is subject to an exhaustive and original look at criminality as part of the political and social reality. The authors offer a contribution to the debate in the social and criminal policy of the state over the problems of criminality and how to control it.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Cruel Attachments: The Ritual Rehab of Child Molesters in Germany, by John Borneman. University of Chicago Press, 2015. 280p.
“There is no more seemingly incorrigible criminal type than the child sex offender. Said to suffer from a deeply rooted paraphilia, he is often considered as outside the moral limits of the human, profoundly resistant to change. Despite these assessments, in much of the West an increasing focus on rehabilitation through therapy provides hope that psychological transformation is possible. Examining the experiences of child sex offenders undergoing therapy in Germany—where such treatments are both a legal right and duty—John Borneman, in Cruel Attachments, offers a fine-grained account of rehabilitation for this reviled criminal type.
Carefully exploring different cases of the attempt to rehabilitate child sex offenders, Borneman details a secular ritual process aimed not only at preventing future acts of molestation but also at fundamentally transforming the offender, who is ultimately charged with creating an almost entirely new self. Acknowledging the powerful repulsion felt by a public that is often extremely skeptical about the success of rehabilitation, he challenges readers to confront the contemporary contexts and conundrums that lie at the heart of regulating intimacy between children and adults.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Cuts and Criminality: Body Alteration in Legal Discourse, by Theodore Bennett. Farnham, Surrey, UK: Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2015. 264p.
“This book investigates how and why the criminal law differentiates between different types of body alterations, with particular reference to how they are conceptualised within legal discourse. By drawing connections between types of body alteration that have traditionally been considered separately and discretely, the book allows analytical conclusions to be made about the law’s treatment of the general category of ‘body alteration’ rather than merely about specific types of body alteration.
Taking legal discourse as its analytical focus, the author critically examines a number of case studies to determine the techniques and processes by which some body alterations are discursively constructed as legitimate and legally approved, and by which other body alterations are discursively constructed as illegitimate and legally sanctioned. Specifically, the body alterations that are addressed include sadomasochistic injuries; female genital modification and male circumcision; cosmetic surgery, body modification and healthy limb amputation; and sex reassignment surgery and genital ‘normalisation’ surgery. International in scope, the discursive analysis in the book will be of interest to academics and researchers working in the areas of socio-legal and cultural studies.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Death and other Penalties: Philosophy in a Time of Mass Incarceration, ed. by Geoffrey Adelsonberg, Lisa Guenther, and Scott Zeman. Bronx, NY: Fordham University Press, 2015. 424p.
“Mass incarceration is one of the most pressing ethical and political issues of our time. In this volume, philosophers join activists and those incarcerated on death row to grapple with contemporary U.S. punishment practices and draw out critiques around questions of power, identity, justice, and ethical responsibility.
This work takes shape against a backdrop of disturbing trends: The United States incarcerates more of its own citizens than any other country in the world. A disproportionate number of these prisoners are people of color, and, today, a black man has a greater chance of going to prison than to college. The United States is the only Western democracy to retain the death penalty, even after decades of scholarship, statistics, and even legal decisions have depicted a deeply flawed system structured by racism and class oppression.
Motivated by a conviction that mass incarceration and state execution are among the most important ethical and political problems of our time, the contributors to this volume come together from a diverse range of backgrounds to analyze, critique, and envision alternatives to the injustices of the U.S. prison system, with recourse to deconstruction, phenomenology, critical race theory, feminism, queer theory, and disability studies. They engage with the hyper-incarceration of people of color, the incomplete abolition of slavery, the exploitation of prisoners as workers and as “raw material” for the prison industrial complex, the intensive confinement of prisoners in supermax units, and the complexities of capital punishment in an age of abolition.
The resulting collection contributes to a growing intellectual and political resistance to the apparent inevitability of incarceration and state execution as responses to crime and to social inequalities. It addresses both philosophers and activists who seek intellectual resources to contest the injustices of punishment in the United States.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Faces Like Devils: The Balk Knobber Vigilantes in the Ozarks, by Matthew J. Hernando. Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 2015. 336p.
“In the twenty-first century, the word vigilante usually conjures up images of cinematic heroes like Batman, Zorro, the Lone Ranger, or Clint Eastwood in just about any film he’s ever been in. But in the nineteenth century, vigilantes roamed the country long before they ever made their way onto the silver screen. In Faces Like Devils, Matthew J. Hernando closely examines one of the most famous of these vigilante groups—the Bald Knobbers.
Hernando sifts through the folklore and myth surrounding the Bald Knobbers to produce an authentic history of the rise and fall of Missouri’s most famous vigilantes. He details the differences between the modernizing Bald Knobbers of Taney County and the anti-progressive Bald Knobbers of Christian County, while also stressing the importance of Civil War-era violence with respect to the foundation of these vigilante groups.
Despite being one of America’s largest and most famous vigilante groups during the nineteenth century, the Bald Knobbers have not previously been examined in depth. Hernando’s exhaustive research, which includes a plethora of state and federal court records, newspaper articles, and firsthand accounts, remedies that lack. This account of the Bald Knobbers is vital to anyone not wanting to miss out on a major part of Missouri’s history.” From Publisher’s Website.
|From Witches to Crack Moms: Women, Drug Law, and Policy, by Susan C. Boyd. 2d ed. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic, 2015. 412p.
“The second edition of From Witches to Crack Moms reflects shifts in drug policy and law, new research and statistics on women who use illegal drugs, and the impact of drug prohibition on them. Susan Boyd examines how the regulation of altered states of consciousness and women’s bodies is not new. Like the witches of old, women suspected of using illegal drugs today are persecuted and punished. From Witches to Crack Moms offers a critique of drug law and policy and its impact on women in the United States and illuminates similarities and differences in Britain and Canada. Globally, the war on drugs impacts women disproportionally. Thus, in this book, the impact of drug prohibition on women and indigenous peoples in Colombia is also discussed in order to reveal the connections between the regulation of drug use in Western states and non-Western states. Informed by a feminist sociological perspective, Boyd discusses how drug law and policy is racialized, class-biased, and gendered. She highlights how punitive drug laws inform and shape criminal justice, social service and medical policy and practice. Boyd also provides insight into how the war on drugs, the regulation of reproduction, and women’s human rights intersect, culminating in a volatile mix.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Gender-Responsive Risk Assessment in Corrections, by Valerie R. Bell. El Paso, TX: LFB Scholarly Publishing, 2014. 310p.
“Risk assessment in corrections allows practitioners to not only predict the likelihood of success for an offender and to identify areas to target for reduced risk. Such targets are argued to be different for men and women (Bloom, Owen & Covington, 2003). Bell examines the predictive validity of the Women’s Risk/Needs Assessment on a sample of women and a sample of men. Results indicate that there are differences in the prevalence, co-occurrence, and predictive validity of risk/needs and strengths for men and women. Results support prior studies regarding gender-neutral risk assessment for male offenders. Additionally, her research demonstrates the importance of gender-responsive issues in the risk prediction of women in community corrections.” From Publisher’s Website.
|A History of Political Murder in Latin America: Killing the Messengers of Change, by W. John Green. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2015. 382p.
“This sweeping history depicts Latin America’s pan-regional culture of political murder. Unlike typical studies of the region, which often focus on the issues or trends of individual countries, this work focuses thematically on the nature of political murder itself, comparing and contrasting its uses and practices throughout the region. W. John Green examines the entire system of political murder: the methods and justifications the perpetrators employ, the victims, and the consequences for Latin American societies. Green demonstrates that elite and state actors have been responsible for most political murders, assassinating the leaders of popular movements and other messengers of change. Latin American elites have also often targeted the potential audience for these messages through the region’s various “dirty wars.” In spite of regional differences, elites across the region have displayed considerable uniformity in justifying their use of murder, imagining themselves in a class war with democratic forces. While the United States has often been complicit in such violence, Green notes that this has not been universally true, with US support waxing and waning. A detailed appendix, exploring political murder country by country, provides an additional resource for readers.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Homeland Security: Policy and Politics, by Nancy E. Marion, Kelley A. Cronin and Willard M. Oliver. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 2015. 264p.
“Homeland Security: Policy and Politics is written for anyone who wants to learn more about issues in Homeland Security. In this book, the authors provide an analysis of controversial issues facing those who work in, or who are interested in, this new and still emerging field. In each chapter, the authors tackle a different issue related to Homeland Security. One of those issues is the organization and role of the Federal Emergency Management Agency in dealing with natural and man-made disasters. The costs of homeland security, and whether the expenditures are being spent wisely, is also discussed. Fusion centers, a new yet controversial approach to investigations, are the focus of another chapter. Other issues discussed in the book are intelligence-led policing, cyber security, and the use of torture at Guantanamo Bay. Each chapter begins with an explanation of the issue at hand, with some basic background information on the issue. This summary is followed by an explanation about why the issue is controversial. The authors then present arguments on all sides of the problem, giving the reader a full understanding of the topic. It also helps the reader think critically about the controversy and allows them to form an opinion about the issue. While the chapters are short, they are also very comprehensive and easy to understand.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Human Trafficking in the Midwest: A Case Study of St. Louis and the Bi-State Area, by Erin C. Heil and Andrea J. Nicols. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 2015. 244p.
“Human Trafficking in the Midwest reveals the existence of the various forms of human trafficking evident in St. Louis, Missouri and the bi-state area, and the efforts that are being made at the community, social service, and legal levels to improve the lives of those who have been identified as victims/survivors of human trafficking. The book was developed through research with community leaders, social service providers, law enforcement officials, prosecutors, and survivors of human trafficking in St. Louis and the bi-state area. The data set was built on two years of interviews, surveys, and field observations.
Human Trafficking in the Midwest is unique in that it moves beyond advocacy-based research and approaches the topic of human trafficking in the United States from a sociological, criminological, and political science perspective. It adds to the extant literature on human trafficking in the United States by presenting a case study that examines forced labor and sexual exploitation in the Midwest. Finally, the book recognizes that anti-trafficking efforts involve a combination of community leaders, social service providers, and legal groups focused on identifying and assisting victims of trafficking while, at the same time, reducing trafficking through education and prosecution.” From Publisher’s Website.
|In Search of Police Legitimacy: Territoriality, Isomorphism, and Changes in Policing Practices, by Jonathon A. Cooper. El Paso, TX: LFB Scholarly Publishing, 2014. 214p.
“Cooper answers two questions: why do police precincts look similar, despite being situated in very different environments? And, why do police engage in behavior that does not result in crime control? These two questions are closely related. Drawing from institutional theory and employing spatial analytic techniques, Cooper finds that certain police precincts unduly influence the behavior of neighboring precincts. In the language of institutional theory, this is sovereign isomorphism: precincts behave similarly because they see other precincts as leaders. Such isomorphism results in behavior that does not reduce crime because the borrowed behavior has no connection with the precinctâ€™s immediate environment. These findings hold great potential for inducing organizational change by tapping into the strategic power of such sovereign precincts.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Innovations and Advancements in Sex Offender Research, ed. by Wesley G. Jennings. Abingdon, Oxon, UK: Routledge, 2015. 154p.
“This book provides a comprehensive dissemination of theoretically grounded and empirically sound research on sex offenders and sex offending. It uses diverse methodological approaches with implications for the research of criminal justice policy and practice. The chapters derive from and focus on different geographical contexts and generate empirical evidence concerning sex offenders and sex offending including: low sex recidivism rates; a lack of sex offender specialization; little to no evidence of sex offending continuity from adolescence to adulthood; and a host of collateral consequences of sex offender registration and notification policies with limited deterrent effect or public safety benefit. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Crime & Justice.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Intellectual Disability: Civil and Criminal Forensic Issues, by Michael Chafetz. Oxford, UK; New York: Oxford University Press, 2015. 224p.
“Courts recognize that those who are involved in medico-legal proceedings have a stake in the outcome of their psychological assessment, regardless of whether they are high- or low-functioning individuals. Accounting for the validity of the evaluation in low-functioning examinees is frequently made more difficult by impairment; when evaluating testimony from people with intellectual disability (ID), neuropsychologists and psychologists must acknowledge the differences between the medico-legal evaluation and the clinical evaluation. This book provides helpful guidelines for assessing validity in low-functioning claimants. It charts recent advances in psychological and neuropsychological assessment pertaining to civil and criminal proceedings while examining issues such as validity and motivation, assessments of disability, criminal and civil capacities, capital cases, Miranda waiver cases, and others.
In disability cases, the Social Security Administration has had a long-standing policy that prevents neuropsychologists and psychologists from using validity instruments–yet, using this book, an accurate and valid assessment can still be obtained. Evaluators who perform assessments in capital cases will find up-to-date discussions of the Flynn Effect, measurement of intellectual functioning, problems associated with the assessment of adaptive functioning, and the challenge of validity assessment. Miranda waiver evaluations for those with low IQ are discussed concerning issues of capacity measurement, including reading and language analysis for the Miranda advisement in the particular jurisdiction in question. Testamentary capacity is discussed at length, showing how understanding of the legal standard is helpful in guiding the examination. Competency to stand trial, or adjudicative competence, is the main topic in the area of criminal competencies, with exploration of the Dusky standard and the various tests used to evaluate this competence, focusing on individuals with ID.” From Publisher’s Website
|The Killing Consensus: Police, Organized Crime, and the Regulation of Life and Death in Urban Brazil, by Graham Denyer Willis. Oakland, CA: University of California Press, 2015. 216p.
“We hold many assumptions about police work—that it is the responsibility of the state, or that police officers are given the right to kill in the name of public safety or self-defense. But in The Killing Consensus, Graham Denyer Willis shows how in São Paulo, Brazil, killing and the arbitration of “normal” killing in the name of social order are actually conducted by two groups—the police and organized crime—both operating according to parallel logics of murder. Based on three years of ethnographic fieldwork, Willis’s book traces how homicide detectives categorize two types of killing: the first resulting from “resistance” to police arrest (which is often broadly defined) and the second at the hands of a crime “family’ known as the Primeiro Comando da Capital (PCC). Death at the hands of police happens regularly, while the PCC’s centralized control and strict moral code among criminals has also routinized killing, ironically making the city feel safer for most residents. In a fractured urban security environment, where killing mirrors patterns of inequitable urbanization and historical exclusion along class, gender, and racial lines, Denyer Willis’s research finds that the city’s cyclical periods of peace and violence can best be understood through an unspoken but mutually observed consensus on the right to kill. This consensus hinges on common notions and street-level practices of who can die, where, how, and by whom, revealing an empirically distinct configuration of authority that Denyer Willis calls sovereignty by consensus.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Lethal Violence and Religion: Institutional and Denominational Effects on Homicide and Suicides in U.S. Counties, by Bryan K. Robinson. El Paso, TX: LFB Scholarly Publishing, 2015. 160p.
“Robinson uses sociological principles to examine the impact of community religiosity on county lethal violence rates. Testing both an integrated model and disaggregated models of lethal violence he finds evidence that religious homogeneity is a better predictor of lethal violence than either the rates of religious participation or the prevalence of religious institutions within a county. Moreover, he finds evidence that the presence of different conservative Christian denominations impact community violence in different ways. Specifically, the prevalence of Pentecostal, fundamentalist and evangelical Protestants in counties have different effects on suicide and homicide rates and should be examined independently.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Listening to Killers: Lessons Learned from My 20 Years as a Psychological Expert Witness in Murder Cases, by James Garbarino. Oakland, CA: University of California Press, 2015. 312p.
Listening to Killers offers an inside look at twenty years’ worth of murder files from Dr. James Garbarino, a leading expert psychological witness who listens to killers so that he can testify in court. The author offers detailed accounts of how killers travel a path that leads from childhood innocence to lethal violence in adolescence or adulthood. He places the emotional and moral damage of each individual killer within a larger scientific framework of social, psychological, anthropological, and biological research on human development. By linking individual cases to broad social and cultural issues and illustrating the social toxicity and unresolved trauma that drive some people to kill, Dr. Garbarino highlights the humanity we share with killers and the role of understanding and empathy in breaking the cycle of violence.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Living on Death Row, by Eric Lose. El Paso, TX: LFB Scholarly Publishing, 2014. 246p.
“Living on Death Row represents a 13-year ethnographic study of men awaiting their execution while confined on Ohio’s Death Row (DR). Lose was granted unprecedented access to conduct confidential interviews in a supermax environment. Slowly he developed a mutual trust with the inmates, and they began to open up about their crimes, lives, hopes, fears and impending executions. Reading Death Row statistics can be a blase experience to some, upsetting to others. But nothing compares to confronting the rampant injustices, horrendous misconceptions and lies about the culture of Death Row. A few are innocent, most are guilty, but all were found guilty of capital murder, not because of their crimes, but due to poverty, mental illness, or minority status. Equally upsetting were the frank, open discussions of their homicides.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Maritime Terrorism and Piracy in the Indian Ocean Region, ed. by Awet T. Weldemichael, Patricia Schneider and Andrew C. Winner. Abingdon, Oxon, UK: Routledge, 2015. 124p.
“Unregulated or lesser regulated maritime spaces are ideal theatres of operation and mediums of transportation for terrorists, insurgents and pirates. For more than a decade, the Indian Ocean waters adjoining Somalia have been a particular locus of such activities, with pirates hijacking vessels, and Al Qaeda and Al Shabab elements travelling between Africa and the Arabian Peninsula, operating lucrative businesses and even staging deadly operations at sea. However, these operations and threats remain, by and large, understudied. Responses to the two threats have varied, highlighting the lack of cohesive regional and global institutions with the mandate and the capacity to address them. Those scholarly deliberations on Indian Ocean maritime security focus on piracy and armed robbery at sea, while their terrorist/insurgent counterparts have eluded sustained scrutiny. This volume will help close that gap by looking at both from the field in Somalia and Yemen, within broader frameworks of regional maritime security and port-state control, international maritime law and the ongoing search for maritime resources. The European, African and Middle Eastern case studies add salience to the regional and international complexity surrounding maritime security off the Horn of Africa. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of the Indian Ocean Region.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Massacre in Mexico, by Elena Poniatowska. Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 1991. 352p.
“Now available in paper is Elena Poniatowska’s gripping account of the massacre of student protesters by police at the 1968 Olympic Games, which Publishers Weekly claimed “makes the campus killings at Kent State and Jackson State in 1970 pale by comparison.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Missoula: Rape and the Justice System in a College Town, by Jon Krakauer. New York: Doubleday, 2015. 384p.
‘Missoula, Montana, is a typical college town, with a highly regarded state university, bucolic surroundings, a lively social scene, and an excellent football team — the Grizzlies — with a rabid fan base.
The Department of Justice investigated 350 sexual assaults reported to the Missoula police between January 2008 and May 2012. Few of these assaults were properly handled by either the university or local authorities. In this, Missoula is also typical.
A DOJ report released in December of 2014 estimates 110,000 women between the ages of eighteen and twenty-four are raped each year. Krakauer’s devastating narrative of what happened in Missoula makes clear why rape is so prevalent on American campuses, and why rape victims are so reluctant to report assault.
Acquaintance rape is a crime like no other. Unlike burglary or embezzlement or any other felony, the victim often comes under more suspicion than the alleged perpetrator. This is especially true if the victim is sexually active; if she had been drinking prior to the assault — and if the man she accuses plays on a popular sports team. The vanishingly small but highly publicized incidents of false accusations are often used to dismiss her claims in the press. If the case goes to trial, the woman’s entire personal life becomes fair game for defense attorneys.
This brutal reality goes a long way towards explaining why acquaintance rape is the most underreported crime in America. In addition to physical trauma, its victims often suffer devastating psychological damage that leads to feelings of shame, emotional paralysis and stigmatization. PTSD rates for rape victims are estimated to be 50%, higher than soldiers returning from war.
In Missoula, Krakauer chronicles the searing experiences of several women in Missoula — the nights when they were raped; their fear and self-doubt in the aftermath; the way they were treated by the police, prosecutors, defense attorneys; the public vilification and private anguish; their bravery in pushing forward and what it cost them.
Some of them went to the police. Some declined to go to the police, or to press charges, but sought redress from the university, which has its own, non-criminal judicial process when a student is accused of rape. In two cases the police agreed to press charges and the district attorney agreed to prosecute. One case led to a conviction; one to an acquittal. Those women courageous enough to press charges or to speak publicly about their experiences were attacked in the media, on Grizzly football fan sites, and/or to their faces. The university expelled three of the accused rapists, but one was reinstated by state officials in a secret proceeding. One district attorney testified for an alleged rapist at his university hearing. She later left the prosecutor’s office and successfully defended the Grizzlies’ star quarterback in his rape trial. The horror of being raped, in each woman’s case, was magnified by the mechanics of the justice system and the reaction of the community.
Krakauer’s dispassionate, carefully documented account of what these women endured cuts through the abstract ideological debate about campus rape. College-age women are not raped because they are promiscuous, or drunk, or send mixed signals, or feel guilty about casual sex, or seek attention. They are the victims of a terrible crime and deserving of compassion from society and fairness from a justice system that is clearly broken.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Modern International Criminal Justice: The Jurisprudence of the International Criminal Court, by Raphael Kamuli. Cambridge, UK: Intersentia, 2014. 316p.
“Scrutinizing all the relevant case-law of the ICC, this book elucidates the paradigm that the ICC’s jurisprudence represents in international criminal justice. It presents in-depth knowledge of how contemporary international criminal justice preserves, departs from or extends the principles that have developed since the Nuremberg Trials. The author explains how the ICC affirms that the most serious crimes of international concern must not go unpunished.
The book explores all the relevant case-law since the ICC’s inception, including its most recent judgments. It presents the clear universalist approach taken by the ICC, and demonstrates how this, both procedurally and substantively, distinguishes the Court from other international criminal tribunals.
The author further explains the solid embedment of human rights law and victim-based justice into contemporary international criminal justice. He particularly demonstrates how a jurisprudential balance is struck between the determination to end impunity and the need for a fair and impartial trial. With regard to victim-based justice, the book particularly elucidates the rights of the victims before the ICC to participate in the proceedings and to receive reparations.
This book is a primary and authoritative source for the interpretation of the Rome Statute – the governing instrument of the ICC – and the evolution of international criminal justice as a response to unimaginable atrocities that victimize humankind. It clearly demonstrates how the jurisprudence of the ICC attempts to remedy the deficiencies of earlier international criminal tribunals.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Moral Communities and Jailhouse Religion: Religiosity and Prison Misconduct, by Benjamin Meade. El Paso, TX: LFB Scholarly Publishing, 2014. 244p.
“Meade examines the relationship between religiosity and inmate misconduct. The most important aspect of his work is an attempt to resolve unanswered questions in the existing research about the religiosity-inmate misconduct relationship using a national sample of inmates and rigorous statistical techniques. His basic thesis is that the mixed findings across studies may be attributed to issues concerning selection bias and/or contextual differences in religiosity across facilities. The findings from the studies indicate that selection bias could result in an underestimation of the magnitude of the religiosity-misconduct relationship, but the results fail to support the impact of contextual religiosity effects on misconduct.” From Publisher’s Website.
|A New Juvenile Justice System: Total Reform for a Broken System, ed. by Nancy E. Dowd. New York: New York University Press, 2015. 400p.
“A New Juvenile Justice System aims at nothing less than a complete reform of the existing system: not minor change or even significant overhaul, but the replacement of the existing system with a different vision. The authors in this volume—academics, activists, researchers, and those who serve in the existing system—all respond in this collection to the question of what the system should be. Uniformly, they agree that an ideal system should be centered around the principle of child well-being and the goal of helping kids to achieve productive lives as citizens and members of their communities.
Rather than the existing system, with its punitive, destructive, undermining effect and uneven application by race and gender, these authors envision a system responsive to the needs of youth as well as to the community’s legitimate need for public safety. How, they ask, can the ideals of equality, freedom, liberty, and self-determination transform the system? How can we improve the odds that children who have been labeled as “delinquent” can make successful transitions to adulthood? And how can we create a system that relies on proven, family-focused interventions and creates opportunities for positive youth development? Drawing upon interdisciplinary work as well as on-the-ground programs and experience, the authors sketch out the broad parameters of such a system.
Providing the principles, goals, and concrete means to achieve them, this volume imagines using our resources wisely and well to invest in all children and their potential to contribute and thrive in our society.“ From Publisher’s Website.
|“No One Helped”: Kitty Genovese, New York City, and the Myth of Urban Apathy, by Marcia M. Gallo. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2015. 240p.
“In “No One Helped” Marcia M. Gallo examines one of America’s most infamous true-crime stories: the 1964 rape and murder of Catherine “Kitty” Genovese in a middle-class neighborhood of Queens, New York. Front-page reports in the New York Times incorrectly identified thirty-eight indifferent witnesses to the crime, fueling fears of apathy and urban decay. Genovese’s life, including her lesbian relationship, also was obscured in media accounts of the crime. Fifty years later, the story of Kitty Genovese continues to circulate in popular culture. Although it is now widely known that there were far fewer actual witnesses to the crime than was reported in 1964, the moral of the story continues to be urban apathy. “No One Helped” traces the Genovese story’s development and resilience while challenging the myth it created.
“No One Helped” places the conscious creation and promotion of the Genovese story within a changing urban environment. Gallo reviews New York’s shifting racial and economic demographics and explores post–World War II examinations of conscience regarding the horrors of Nazism. These were important factors in the uncritical acceptance of the story by most media, political leaders, and the public despite repeated protests from Genovese’s Kew Gardens neighbors at their inaccurate portrayal. The crime led to advances in criminal justice and psychology, such as the development of the 911 emergency system and numerous studies of bystander behaviors. Gallo emphasizes that the response to the crime also led to increased community organizing as well as feminist campaigns against sexual violence. Even though the particulars of the sad story of her death were distorted, Kitty Genovese left an enduring legacy of positive changes to the urban environment.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Of Doubt and Proof: Ritual and Legal Practices of Judgment, ed. by Daniela Berti, Anthony Good and Gilles Tarabout. Farnham, Surrey, UK: Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2015. 220p.
“All institutions concerned with the process of judging – whether it be deciding between alternative courses of action, determining a judge’s professional integrity, assigning culpability for an alleged crime, or ruling on the credibility of an asylum claimant – are necessarily directly concerned with the question of doubt. By putting ritual and judicial settings into comparative perspective, in contexts as diverse as Indian and Taiwanese divination and international cricket, as well as legal processes in France, the UK, India, Denmark, and Ghana, this book offers a comprehensive and novel perspective on techniques for casting and dispelling doubt, and the roles they play in achieving verdicts or decisions that appear both valid and just.
Broadening the theoretical understandings of the social role of doubt, both in social science and in law, the authors present these understandings in ways that not only contribute to academic knowledge but are also useful to professionals and other participants engaged in the process of judging. This collection will consequently be of great interest to academics researching in the fields of legal anthropology, ritual studies, legal sociology, criminology, and socio-legal studies.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Offender Reentry and Cognitive Intervention: Propensity Score Matching Utility for Outcome Assessment, by Ken Balusek. El Paso, TX: LFB Scholarly Publishing, 2014. 150p.
“The mass incarceration policies of recent decades have created the corresponding realization that the vast majority of these individuals will someday be released back into society. Failure to properly prepare these individuals for their return to society will result in a large number of these individuals returning to prison. This research uses propensity score matching to create comparison groups in order to evaluate a cognitive intervention program designed to reduce recidivism. Survival analysis reveals that offenders who completed the program were less likely to recidivate and their survival time was longer when compared to offenders who did not complete the program.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Penal Sanctioning the United States: Explaining Cross-State Differences, by Frederique A. Laubepin. El Paso, TX: LFB Scholarly Publishing, 2015. 186p.
“Laubepin investigates differences in the scope of penal sanctioning in the American states over a thirty-year period. Her analyses replicate and expand prior research examining the determinants of incarceration rates, and explore whether this theoretical framework can be usefully applied to back-end sentencing (parole revocation). She finds that states have responded to similar policy problems with solutions shaped by local social, political, economic and cultural conditions. Not only are these dynamics historically contingent, but they also play out differently at the front and back ends of the sentencing system. Unlike prior research, this study provides weak support for the influence of political factors, but points to the importance of practices of civic engagement instead, suggesting that penal sanctioning is driven by “top down” policies as well as “bottom up” democratic processes.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Power and Crime, by Vincenzo Ruggiero. Abingdon, Oxon, UK: Routledge, 2015. 174p.
“This book provides an analysis of the two concepts of power and crime and posits that criminologists can learn more about these concepts by incorporating ideas from disciplines outside of criminology. Although arguably a ‘rendezvous’ discipline, Vincenzo Ruggiero argues that criminology can gain much insight from other fields such as the political sciences, ethics, social theory, critical legal studies, economic theory, and classical literature.
In this book Ruggiero offers an authoritative synthesis of a range of intellectual conceptions of crime and power, drawing on the works and theories of classical, as well as contemporary thinkers, in the above fields of knowledge, arguing that criminology can ‘humbly’ renounce claims to intellectual independence and adopt notions and perspectives from other disciplines.
The theories presented locate the crimes of the powerful in different disciplinary contexts and make the book essential reading for academics and students involved in the study of criminology, sociology, law, politics and philosophy.” From Publisher’s Website.
|A Primer on Crime and Delinquency Theory, by Robert M. Bohm and Brenda L. Vogel. 4th ed. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 2015. 264p.
“The fourth edition of A Primer on Crime & Delinquency Theory is substantially less expensive than earlier editions and has been reformatted with a much more user-friendly layout. The primary purpose for writing this edition, however, has not changed since the first edition: to provide both undergraduate and graduate students with a relatively brief but comprehensive exposition of crime and delinquency theories. The book should prove useful either as a primary text (with or without instructor supplements) or as a supplement to other texts, anthologies, or collections of journal articles.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Punishment in Popular Culture, ed. by Charles J. Ogletree, Jr. and Austin Sarat. New York: New York University Press, 2015. 320p.
“The way a society punishes demonstrates its commitment to standards of judgment and justice, its distinctive views of blame and responsibility, and its particular way of responding to evil. Punishment in Popular Culture examines the cultural presuppositions that undergird America’s distinctive approach to punishment and analyzes punishment as a set of images, a spectacle of condemnation. It recognizes that the semiotics of punishment is all around us, not just in the architecture of the prison, or the speech made by a judge as she sends someone to the penal colony, but in both “high” and “popular” culture iconography, in novels, television, and film. This book brings together distinguished scholars of punishment and experts in media studies in an unusual juxtaposition of disciplines and perspectives.
Americans continue to lock up more people for longer periods of time than most other nations, to use the death penalty, and to racialize punishment in remarkable ways. How are these facts of American penal life reflected in the portraits of punishment that Americans regularly encounter on television and in film? What are the conventions of genre which help to familiarize those portraits and connect them to broader political and cultural themes? Do television and film help to undermine punishment’s moral claims? And how are developments in the boarder political economy reflected in the ways punishment appears in mass culture? Finally, how are images of punishment received by their audiences? It is to these questions that Punishment in Popular Culture is addressed.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Queer Sex Work, ed. by Mary Laing, Katy Pilcher and Nicola Smith. Abingdon, Oxon, UK: Routledge, 2015. 294p.
“Sex work is a subject of significant contestation across academic disciplines, as well as within legal, medical, moral, feminist, political and socio-cultural discourses. A large body of research exists, but much of this focuses on the sale of sex by women to men and ignores other performances, practices, meanings and embodiments in the contemporary sex industry. A queer agenda is important in order to challenge hetero-centric gender norms and to develop new insights into how gender, sex, power, crime, work, migration, space/place, health and intimacy are understood in the context of commercial sexual encounters.
Queer Sex Work explores what it might mean to ‘be’, ‘do’ and ‘think’ queer(ly) in the study and practice of commercial sex. It brings together a multiplicity of empirical case studies – including erotic dance venues, online sex working, pornography, grey sexual economies, and BSDM – and offers a variety of perspectives from academic scholars, policy practitioners, activists and sex workers themselves. In so doing, the book advances a queer politics of sex work that aims to disrupt heteronormative logics whilst also making space for different voices in academic and political debates about commercial sex.
This unique and multidisciplinary volume will be indispensable for scholars and students of the global sex trade and of gender, sexuality, feminism and queer theory more broadly, as well as policymakers, activists and practitioners interested in the politics and practice of sex work in local, national and international contexts.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Rethinking Border Control for a Globalizing World: A Preferred World, edited by Leanne Weber. Abingdon, Oxon, UK: Routledge, 2015. 212p.
“This book provides a new point of departure for thinking critically and creatively about international borders and the perceived need to defend them, adopting an innovative ‘preferred future’ methodology.
The authors critically examine a range of ‘border domains’ including law, citizenship, governance, morality, security, economy, culture and civil society, which provide the means and justification for contemporary border controls, and identify early signs that the dynamics of sovereignty and borders are being fundamentally transformed under conditions of neoliberal globalization. The goal is to locate potential pathways towards the preferred future of relaxed borders, and provide a foundation for a progressive politics dedicated to moving beyond mere critique of the harm and inequity of border controls and capable of envisaging a differently bordered world.
This book will be of considerable interest to students of border studies, migration, criminology, peacemaking, critical security studies and IR in general.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Rethinking Community Policing, by John M. Ray. El Paso, TX: LFB Scholarly Publishing, 2014. 216p.
“Community policing is in decline, threatened with obsolescence by data-driven practices like COMPSTAT and Intelligence-Led Policing. Efficiency driven and aided by technology, these practices are delivering on the crime reduction promises community policing aspired to. Ray argues that much of community policing’s difficulties lie in the lack of a clear theoretical foundation informing its community engagement mandate. The uncritical incorporation of pluralism needlessly highlights the differences between police and community groups. Deliberative democratic theory offers a theoretical foundation that may save community policing. Moreover, Ray uses historical sources to suggest the inevitability of community policing in America.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Returning Home: Intimate Partner Violence and Reentry, by Matasha L. Harris. El Paso, TX: LFB Scholarly Publishing, 2015. 158p.
“Formerly incarcerated African Americans face numerous challenges when returning home from prison. A major challenge that many formerly incarcerated offenders encounter is negotiating relationships, especially with intimate partners following periods of incarceration. For many African American men and women during reentry, intimate partner violence frequently becomes a problem. Through intensive interviews, Harris documents twenty-nine formerly incarcerated African American men’s and women’s experiences with intimate partner violence. This book highlights principles and elements of restorative justice as a useful framework to address the issue of intimate partner violence among this group.” From Publisher’s Website.
|The Role of Community in Restorative Justice, by Fernanda Fonseca Rosenblatt. Abingdon, Oxon, UK: Routledge, 2015. 226p.
“Although restorative justice is probably one of the most talked about topics in contemporary criminology, little has been written about how community involvement in restorative justice translates into practice. While advocates have presented the community as an essential pillar of restorative justice, the rationale for why and how this is the case remains underdeveloped and largely unchallenged. This book offers an empirical and theoretical explanation of what ‘community involvement’ means and what work it does in restorative justice.
Drawing on an empirical case study and the wider sociological literature, The Role of Community in Restorative Justice examines the involvement of the community in one selected practice of restorative justice and also considers the implications of the English and Welsh experience for development of a more coherent framework for operationalizing community involvement in restorative justice practices. It is argued that restorative justice programmes need to start from a more concrete and up-to-date notion of community. While operationalizing community involvement, they need to acknowledge, all at once: the importance of place; the importance of family links, friendship and other social ties; and the importance of similar social traits and identities.
This book is essential reading for students, researchers and academics in the fields of criminology, criminal justice, sociology, community studies, policy studies, social policy and socio-legal studies. This book will also be valuable reading for a variety of practitioners and policymakers, particularly working with restorative justice and youth justice.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Sexting and Cyberbullying: Defining the Line for Digitally Empowered Kids, by Shaheen Shariff. Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014. 232p.
“Directed at policy makers, legislators, educators, parents, members of the legal community, and anyone concerned about current public policy responses to sexting and cyberbullying, this book examines the lines between online joking and legal consequences. It offers an analysis of reactive versus preventive legal and educational responses to these issues using evidence-based research with digitally empowered kids. Shaheen Shariff highlights the influence of popular and “rape” culture on the behavior of adolescents who establish sexual identities and social relationships through sexting. She argues that we need to move away from criminalizing children and toward engaging them in the policy-development process, and she observes that important lessons can be learned from constitutional and human rights frameworks. She also draws attention to the value of children’s literature in helping the legal community better understand children’s moral development – and the judicial approaches and biases in assessing children’s culpability – and in helping children clarify the lines between harmless jokes and harmful postings that could land them in jail.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Sexting Panic: Rethinking Criminalization, Privacy, and Consent, by Amy Adele Hasinoff. Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press, 2015. 240p.
“Sexting Panic illustrates how anxieties about technology and teen girls’ sexuality distract from critical questions about how to adapt norms of privacy and consent for new media. Though mobile phones can be used to cause harm, Amy Adele Hasinoff notes that criminalization and abstinence policies meant to curb sexting often fail to account for the distinction between consensual sharing and the malicious distribution of a private image. Hasinoff challenges the idea that sexting inevitably victimizes young women. Instead, she encourages us to recognize young people’s capacity for choice and recommends responses to sexting that are realistic and nuanced rather than based on misplaced fears about deviance, sexuality, and digital media.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Substandard Medical Care in U.S. Prisons: Improvement through Civil Liability Actions, by Lily Chi-Tang Tsai. El Paso, TX: LFB Scholarly Publishing, 2014. 154p.
“Contrary to the ideal set up in Estelle v. Gamble (1976), inmates’ medical needs were infrequently recognized by state courts and normally rejected through the examination of the two-pronged standard. Tsai contributes to existing literature by examining inadequate medical care and medical malpractice litigation against prison and jail physicians who have been sued in state courts by inmates during the past decade. By classifying the treatment actions or inactions that led inmates to file for civil remedies and examining the negative health outcomes that resulted from physicians’ actions and inactions and their responses and justification techniques, Tsai analyzes state cases and develops a descriptive profile of how inmates, physicians, and the courts are defining and responding to medical misconduct in U.S. correctional facilities.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Tasers and Arrest-Related Deaths, by Howard E. Williams. El Paso, TX: LFB Scholarly Publishing, 2015. 214p.
“Williams examines TASER use and high-risk group theory, which posits that people with certain physiological attributes, such as heart disease, mental illness, or drug use, are at increased risk of sudden death following application of a TASER electronic control device (ECD). Data derived from autopsy reports indicate few differences in the presence of such attributes between arrest-related sudden deaths following the application of an ECD and arrest-related sudden deaths that did not involve an ECD. The notable exception was deaths involving excited delirium, which appeared statistically more often in ECD-proximate events.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Tribal Criminal Law and Procedure, by Carrie E. Garrow and Sarah Deer. 2d ed. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2015. 536p.
“Tribal Criminal Law and Procedure examines complex Indian nations’ tribal justice systems, analyzing tribal statutory law, tribal case law, and the cultural values of Native peoples. Using tribal court opinions and tribal codes, it reveals how tribal governments use a combination of oral and written law to dispense justice and strengthen their nations and people. Carrie E. Garrow and Sarah Deer discuss the histories, structures, and practices of tribal justice systems, comparisons of traditional tribal justice with American law and jurisdictions, elements of criminal law and procedure, and alternative sentencing and traditional sanctions” From Publisher’s Website.
|Violence against Women: Criminological Perspectives on Men’s Violence, by Nicole Westmarland. Abingdon, Oxon, UK: Routledge, 2015. 176p.
“Violence against women is an enduring problem around the globe, yet very few books look at the full range of men’s violences against women – perpetrated in relationships, in the family, in public spaces, and in institutions. While books that look at different types of violence, such as domestic violence, ‘honour’ based violence and rape in isolation are useful for depth, it is only by looking across these different spheres that the true extent of men’s violences against women becomes clear. This book usefully covers all of the main forms of violence against women, looking at it from a research, policy, and practice perspective.
Including discussion of fifteen different types of violence against women, this book is original in offering an introduction to such a broad range of topics, and for including chapters on violences that have rarely been written about, as well as those that are more commonly discussed and those that have been sidelined in recent years. By bringing together work on violence against women committed by partners, family members, strangers, acquaintances, institutions and businesses, this book widens the lens through which we view men’s violences against women.
Violence against Women is essential reading for criminologists and sociologists who want to be up to date with cutting-edge knowledge on this topic. It is also an invaluable text for those training to enter or become qualified in the specialist domestic and sexual violence sector.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Violence All Around, by John Sifton. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2015. 336p.
“A human rights lawyer travels to hot zones around the globe, before and after the September 11 attacks, to document abuses committed by warlords, terrorist groups, and government counterterrorism forces. Whether reporting on al Qaeda safe houses, the mechanics of the Pentagon’s smartest bombs, his interviews with politicians and ordinary civilians, or his own brush with death outside Kabul, John Sifton wants to help us understand violence—what it is, and how we think and speak about it.
For the human rights community, the global war on terror brought unprecedented challenges. Of special concern were the secret detention centers operated by the CIA as it expanded into a paramilitary force, and the harsh treatment of prisoners throughout Iraq and Afghanistan. In drafting legal memoranda that made domestic prosecution for these crimes impossible, Sifton argues, the United States possessed not only the detainees but the law itself. Sifton recounts his efforts to locate secret prisons and reflects on the historical development of sanctioned military or police violence—from hand-to-hand combat to the use of drones—and the likelihood that technology will soon enable completely automated killing.
Sifton is equally concerned to examine what people have meant by nonviolent social change, and he asks whether pure nonviolence is ever possible. To invoke rights is to invoke the force to uphold them, he reminds us. Ultimately, advocates for human rights can only shame the world into better behavior, and their work may involve advocating the very violence they deplore.” From Publisher’s Website.
|White-Collar Offenders and Desistance from Crime: Future Selves and the Constancy of Change, by Ben Hunter. Abingdon, Oxon, UK: Routledge, 2015. 210p.
“The MPs’ expenses scandal in England and Wales and the international banking crisis have both brought into focus a concern about ‘elite’ individuals and their treatment by criminal justice systems. This interest intersects with a well-established concern within criminology for the transgressions of such offenders. However, up until now there has been little sustained consideration of what happens to such offenders following conviction and little discussion of how they attempt to avoid reoffending in the wake of their punishment.
This study rectifies this omission by drawing upon white-collar offenders’ own accounts of their punishment and their attempts to make new lives in the aftermath of it. Detailing the impact of imprisonment on white-collar offenders, their release from prison and efforts to be successful again, this book outlines the particular strategies white-collar offenders used to cope with the difficulties they encountered and also analyses the ways they tried to work out ‘who they were’ in the post-release worlds they found themselves in.
Representing the first sustained qualitative study of white-collar offenders and desistance from crime, this book will be of interest to academics and students engaged in the study of white-collar crime, desistance from crime and prison. The insights it offers into a particular group of offenders’ experience of criminal justice would also make it useful for criminal justice practitioners and anyone who wishes to understand the challenges faced by a group of offenders who are assumed to have many advantages when it comes to desisting from crime.” From Publisher’s Website.
|The Witch-Hunt Narrative: Politics, Psychology, and the Sexual Abuse of Children, by Ross E. Cheit. Oxford, UK; New York: Oxford U. Press, 2014. 544p.
“In the 1980s, a series of child sex abuse cases rocked the United States. The most famous case was the 1984 McMartin preschool case, but there were a number of others as well. By the latter part of the decade, the assumption was widespread that child sex abuse had become a serious problem in America. Yet within a few years, the concern about it died down considerably. The failure to convict anyone in the McMartin case and a widely publicized appellate decision in New Jersey that freed an accused molester had turned the dominant narrative on its head. In the early 1990s, a new narrative with remarkable staying power emerged: the child sex abuse cases were symptomatic of a ‘moral panic’ that had produced a witch hunt. A central claim in this new witch hunt narrative was that the children who testified were not reliable and easily swayed by prosecutorial suggestion. In time, the notion that child sex abuse was a product of sensationalized over-reporting and far less endemic than originally thought became the new common sense.
But did the new witch hunt narrative accurately represent reality? As Ross Cheit demonstrates in his exhaustive account of child sex abuse cases in the past two and a half decades, purveyors of the witch hunt narrative never did the hard work of examining court records in the many cases that reached the courts throughout the nation. Instead, they treated a couple of cases as representative and concluded that the issue was blown far out of proportion. Drawing on years of research into cases in a number of states, Cheit shows that the issue had not been blown out of proportion at all. In fact, child sex abuse convictions were regular occurrences, and the crime occurred far more frequently than conventional wisdom would have us believe. Cheit’s aim is not to simply prove the narrative wrong, however. He also shows how a narrative based on empirically thin evidence became a theory with real social force, and how that theory stood at odds with a far more grim reality. The belief that the charge of child sex abuse was typically a hoax also left us unprepared to deal with the far greater scandal of child sex abuse in the Catholic Church, which, incidentally, has served to substantiate Cheit’s thesis about the pervasiveness of the problem. In sum, The Witch-Hunt Narrative is a magisterial and empirically powerful account of the social dynamics that led to the denial of widespread human tragedy.” From Publisher’s Website.
|Youth Street Gangs: A Critical Appraisal, by David C. Brotherton. Abingdon, Oxon, UK: Routledge, 2015. 228p.
“Gangs have been heavily pathologized in the last several decades. In comparison to the pioneering Chicago School’s work on gangs in the 1920s we have moved away from a humanistic appraisal of and sensitivity toward the phenomenon and have allowed the gang to become a highly plastic folk devil outside of history. This pathologization of the gang has particularly negative consequences for democracy in an age of punishment, cruelty and coercive social control.
This is the central thesis of David Brotherton’s new and highly contentious book on street gangs. Drawing on a wealth of highly acclaimed original research, Brotherton explores the socially layered practices of street gangs, including community movements, cultural projects and sites of social resistance. The book also critically reviews gang theory and the geographical trajectories of streets gangs from New York and Puerto Rico to Europe, the Caribbean and South America, as well as state-sponsored reactions and the enabling role of orthodox criminology.
In opposition to the dominant gang discourses, Brotherton proposes the development of a critical studies approach to gangs and concludes by making a plea for researchers to engage the gang reflexively, paying attention to the contradictory agency of the gang and what gang members actually tell us. The book is essential reading for academics and students involved in the study of juvenile delinquency, youth studies, deviance, gang studies and cultural criminology.” From Publisher’s Website.